行政事业单位内控解读(二十四)

细讲行政事业单位内控风险控制方法

截止2016年8月26日国富恒利分级债券资产净值公告
信息安全行业研究报告:第三届世界互联网大会网络安全引热议

在风险评估之后,单位应当采取相应的控制方法将风险控制在可承受程度之内。内部控制方法一般包括:不相容岗位分离控制、内部授权审批控制、归口管理、预算控制、财产保护控制、会计控制、单据控制信息内部公开等。
一、不相容岗位分离控制
不相容岗位分离控制是指合理设置内部控制关键岗位,明确划分职责权限,实施相应的分离措施,形成相互制约、相互监督的工作机制。
在全球化经营体系中,跨文化的风险管理、人才管理和安全管理:
二、内部授权审批控制
内部授权审批控制是指明确各岗位办理业务和事项的权限范围,审批程序和相关责任,建立重大事项集体决策和会签制度。
三、归口管理
其深意就是指归属于那个单位或部门的管理
四、预算控制
预算控制作为一种内部控制方法,与预算业务既有联系又有区别。作为控制方法的预算控制,是要发挥预算的约束作用,单位开展涉及资金收支的各项经济活动都必须以编制预算并获得合法程序批复的预算指标为前提条件,无预算不予办理资金收支业务,从而使得预算成为单位经济活动开真的硬约束。
五、财产保护控制
资产安全有效是行政事业单位内控重要目标之一,因此行政事业单位必须加强财产保护控制,建立资产日常管理制度和定期清查机制,采取资产记录、实物保管、定期盘点、账实核对等措施,确保资产安全完整,从资产价值与资产实物两方面加强管理。
我们的IT服务通常有专门的VIP通道,让我们重要的尊贵客户能得到更优质的服务和获得更好的体验。同时,在高管离职的控制措施方面,我们也有特别的VIP措施,以便把因其离职可能对公司造成的潜在损失降至最低水平。
六、会计控制
顾名思义就是行使会计本身就具有的功能,行政事业单位会计控制要求建立健全本单位财会管理制度,加强会计机构建设,提高会计人员业务水平,强化会计人员岗位责任制,规范会计基础工作,加强会计档案管理,明确会计凭证,会计账簿和财务会计报告处理程序。
七、单据控制
行政事业单位应根据国家有关规定和单位的经济活动业务流程,在内部管理制度中明确界定各项经济活动涉及的表单和票据,要求相关工作人员按照规定添置,审核,归档,保管单据。
八、信息内部公开

阳光是最好的杀虫剂,信息内部公开可以对各类舞弊形成强大的压力。行政事业单位应当建立健全经济活动相关信息内部公开制度,根据国家有关规定和单位的实际情况,确定信息内部公开的内容、范围、方式和程序。
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大型互联网公司的网站宕机时而有之,实际上很多高可用性方案本身并不可靠,因为所最终依靠的还是人,快速正确地进行安全事故响应才是根本。

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保密第一课

Information security risk and defense under the background of big data

读者朋友们,恭喜你们,到了大数据时代,你们就成“皇帝”了!当然,别高兴太早,我说的是那位“穿新衣的皇帝”。
Readers friends, congratulations to you, to the era of big data, you will become the emperor! Of course, don’t be too happy. I’m talking about the emperor who was wearing a new dress.
为什么我会这样说呢?因为在大数据面前,你真的就是赤裸的:你说过什么话,做过什么事,有什么爱好,生过什么病,家住哪里,亲朋好友都有谁,等等,它都知道。可以说,你自己知道的,它几乎都知道,或者说它都能够知道。
Why do I say that? Because in the face of big data, you really is naked: what did you say, what has been done, what hobbies, what have been sick, where to live, relatives and friends who have, and so on, it knows. You know, you know it, you know it all, or you know it.

时间价值网通过3.2级信息系统安全防护测评

甚至连你自己都不知道的事情,大数据也可能知道,比如,它能够发现你的许多潜意识习惯:集体照相时你喜欢站哪里呀,跨门槛时喜欢先迈左脚还是右脚呀,你喜欢与什么样的人打交道呀,你的性格特点都有什么呀,哪位朋友与你的观点不相同呀,等等。
Even the things you don’t even know, big data may also know that, for example, it can be found that many of your subconscious habits: stand where you love collective photo ah, love the first step across the threshold when the left or the right foot, you love dealing with what kind of person you are, what your character ah, a friend and your views are not the same ah, etc..
再进一步地说,今后将要发生的事情,大数据它还是有可能知道,比如,根据你“饮食多、运动少”等信息,它就能够推测出,你可能会“三高”。当你与许多人都在购买感冒药时,大数据就知道:流感即将爆发了!实际上,大数据已经成功地预测了包括世界杯比赛结果、总统选举、多次股票的波动、物价趋势、用户行为、交通情况等一系列问题的发展趋势。
Further, what will happen in the future, big data it is still possible to know, for example, according to your diet, less exercise and other information, it can be inferred that you may be. When you buy a cold medicine with a lot of people, the big data: the flu is about to break out! In fact, the big data has successfully predicted the results of the world cup, including the results of the presidential election, stock movements, price trends, user behavior, traffic conditions and a series of problems.
当然,这里的“你”并非仅仅指“你个人”,还包括但不限于,你的家庭、你的单位、你的民族、甚至你的国家。
Of course, the you here is not just you, but also includes, but is not limited to, your family, your organization, your nation, and even your country.
那么,到底什么是大数据呢?国际权威咨询机构Gartner说:“大数据,就是需要新处理模式才能具有更强的决策力、洞察发现力和流程优化能力来适应海量、高增长率和多样化的信息资产。”麦肯锡全球研究所说:“大数据是一种规模大到在获取、存储、管理、分析方面大大超出了传统数据库软件工具能力范围的数据集合,具有海量的数据规模、快速的数据流转、多样的数据类型和价值密度低四大特征。”还有更多的权威专家们,总结了大数据的若干其他特性,比如,容量的超大性、种类的多样性、获取的快速性、管理的可变性、质量的真实性、渠道来源的复杂性、价值提取的重复性,等等。
So, in the end what is big data? The international authority of the consulting firm Gartner said: big data, is the need for new treatment mode in order to have more decision-making power, insight discovery and process optimization ability to adapt to the massive, high rates of growth and diversification of information assets. The McKinsey Global Institute said: big data is a large scale in the acquisition, storage, management and analysis greatly beyond the traditional scope of database software tools for data collection, data size, fast data transfer, with a massive variety of data types and low value density four characteristics. There are more authoritative experts and some other characteristics, such as big data, large capacity, species diversity, access speed, management quality variability, authenticity, sources of complexity, the value of the extraction repeatability, etc..
其实,形象地说,所谓大数据,就是由许多千奇百怪的数据,杂乱无章地堆积在一起的东西。比如,你主动在网上说的话、发的微博微信、存的照片、收发的电子邮件、留下的诸如上网记录等行动痕迹,都是大数据的组成部分。在不知道的情况下,你被采集的众多信息,比如,被马路摄像头获取的视频、手机定位系统留下的路线图、在各种情况下被录下的语音、驾车时的GPS信号、电子病历档案、公交刷卡记录等被动信息,也都是大数据的组成部分。还有,各种传感器设备自动采集的有关温度、湿度、速度等万物信息,仍然还是大数据的组成部分。总之,每个人、每种通信和控制类设备,无论它是软件还是硬件,其实都是大数据之源。
In fact, that is to say, the so-called big data, is composed of many data out of order to all sorts of strange things, piled together in something. For example, you take the initiative to say on the Internet, the micro-blog WeChat, save photos, send and receive e-mail, leaving traces of actions such as Internet records, are part of the big data. In do not know the circumstances, a lot of information, you are collected for example, is the road to access the camera video, mobile phone positioning system left a roadmap, in all cases recorded voice, while driving the GPS signal, electronic medical records, bus card records passive information, are also part of big data. Also, a variety of sensor devices automatically collect information about temperature, humidity, speed and other information, is still part of the big data. In short, everyone, each kind of communication and control devices, whether it is software or hardware, in fact, are the source of big data.
一句话,无论你是否喜欢,大数据它就在那里;无论主动还是被动,你都在为大数据作贡献。大数据是人类的必然。
In a word, whether you like it or not, it is there, whether active or passive, you are contributing to the big data. Big data is inevitable.
大数据到底是靠什么法宝,才知道那么多秘密的呢?用行话说,它利用了一种名叫“大数据挖掘”的技术,采用了诸如神经网络、遗传算法、决策树方法、粗糙集方法、覆盖正例排斥反例方法、统计分析方法、模糊集方法等高大上的方法。大数据挖掘的过程,可以分为数据收集、数据集成、数据规约、数据清理、数据变换、挖掘分析、模式评估、知识表示等八大步骤。
Big data in the end is what magic weapon, only to know so many secrets? In the jargon, it uses a named data mining by technology, such as neural networks, genetic algorithms, decision tree method, rough set method, covering the positive examples and exclude the negative examples method, statistical analysis method, fuzzy method, tall method. The process of data mining can be divided into eight steps: data collection, data integration, data specification, data cleaning, data transformation, mining analysis, pattern evaluation, knowledge representation, and so on.
大数据挖掘,从正面来说,是创造价值;从负面来说,就是泄露隐私了!大数据隐私是如何被泄露的呢?请先跟我来分解一下经典的“人肉搜索”吧!
Big data mining, from the front, is the creation of value; from the negative, is to disclose the privacy! How big data privacy is leaked it? Please come with me to break down the classic human flesh search!
一大群网友,出于某种约定的目的,比如,搞臭某人或美化某人,充分利用自己的一切资源渠道,尽可能多地收集当事人或物的所有信息,包括但不限于网络搜索得到的信息(这是主流)、道听途说的信息、线下知道的信息、各种猜测的信息,等等;然后,将这些信息按照自己的目的精炼成新信息,反馈到网上与其同志们分享。这就完成了第一次“人肉迭代”。接着,大家又在第一次“人肉迭代”的基础上,互相取经,再接再厉,交叉重复进行信息的收集、加工、整理等工作,于是,便诞生了第二批“人肉迭代”。如此循环往复,经过N次不懈迭代后(新闻名词叫“发酵”),当事人或物的丑恶(或善良)画像就跃然纸上了。如果构成“满意画像”的素材确实已经“坐实”,至少主体是事实,那么,“人肉搜索”就成功了。
A large group of friends, for some agreed, for example, to discredit someone or beautify someone, make full use of all resources of their own, as far as possible to collect all the information or the parties, including but not limited to the Internet search information available (this is mainstream), the road to listen to passers-by said information, know the line the information of all kinds of speculation, information, and so on; then, the information will be in accordance with their own objective refined into new information, feedback to share online with Comrades. This completes the first human flesh iteration. Then, we in the first human iterative basis, learn from each other, make persistent efforts, overlapping information collection, processing and finishing work, so will be the birth of the second batch of human iteration. In this way, after N times of iteration after unremitting (news term called fermentation), the parties or the ugly (or good) on the picture. If a portrait material has really sit real, at least is the main fact, so, human flesh search is a success.
其实,所谓的大数据挖掘,在某种意义上说,就是由机器自动完成的特殊“人肉搜索”而已。只不过,现在“人肉”的目的,不再限于抹黑或颂扬某人,而是有更加广泛的目的,比如,为商品销售者寻找最佳买家、为某类数据寻找规律、为某些事物之间寻找关联,等等,总之,只要目的明确,那么,大数据挖掘就会有用武之地。
In fact, the so-called big data mining, in a sense, is automatically completed by the machine special human search only. But now, human, is no longer limited to discredit or praise someone, but more widely, for example, to find the best seller of goods buyers, for certain types of data to find the law, for correlation, for some things and so on, in a word, as long as the purpose, then, big data mining will be used.
如果将“人肉”与大数据挖掘相比,那么,此时网友被电脑所替代;网友们收集的信息,被数据库中的海量异构数据所替代;网友寻找各种人物关联的技巧,被相应的智能算法替代;网友们相互借鉴、彼此启发的做法,被各种同步运算所替代;各次迭代过程仍然照例进行,只不过机器的迭代次数更多、速度更快而已,每次迭代其实就是机器的一次“学习”过程;网友们的最终“满意画像”,被暂时的挖掘结果所替代,因为,对大数据挖掘来说,永远没有尽头,结果会越来越精准,智慧程度会越来越高,用户只需根据自己的标准,随时选择满意的结果就行了。当然,除了相似性外,“人肉”与“大数据挖掘”肯定也有许多重大的区别,比如,机器不会累,它们收集的数据会更多、更快,数据的渠道来源会更广泛,总之,网友的“人肉”,最终将输给机器的“大数据挖掘”。
If the human and then, when compared to data mining, users are replaced by the computer; netizens collected information, replaced by vast amounts of heterogeneous data in the database; users looking for a variety of character related skills, instead of intelligent algorithm is appropriate; friends of mutual learning and inspire the practice, by all kinds of synchronization the operation is replaced; each iteration is still as usual, but the number of iterations of the machine more and faster. In fact, each iteration of a learning is the process of the machine; the final draw users satisfaction as , was temporarily replaced by mining results, because of large data mining, forever there is no end, the results will be more accurate, the degree of intelligence will become increasingly high, the user only according to their own standards, always choose the satisfactory results on the line. Of course, in addition to the similarity, human and data mining certainly there are many important differences, for example, the machine will not tired, they collected data will be more, faster, data sources will be more extensive, in short, the human, will eventually lose to the big data machine mining.
◆安全、黑客与代码
The security code, and hackers
“安全”是一个很主观的概念,与角度密切相关。同一个事件,对不同的人,从不同的角度来说可能会得出完全相反的结论。所以,研究“安全”,必须只锁定一个角度,比如,“我”的角度。
Security is a very subjective concept, closely related to the angle. The same event, for different people, from a different point of view may come to the opposite conclusion. Therefore, the study of security must only be locked in an angle, for example, I perspective.
其次,“安全”是一个与时间密切相关的概念。同一个系统,在昨天安全,绝不等于今天也安全;同样,在今天安全,也绝不等于明天就安全。当然,一个“在昨天不安全”的系统,今天也不会自动变为安全。
Secondly, security is a concept closely related to time. The same system, in yesterday’s safety, is by no means equal to today’s security; similarly, in today’s security, it is not equal to tomorrow’s security. Of course, a unsafe yesterday system, today will not automatically become safe.
还有,“安全”是一个与对象密切相关的概念。若A和B是两个相互独立的系统,若我们只考虑A系统的安全,那么,B系统是否安全就应该完全忽略。
What’s more, security is a concept which is closely related to the object. If A and B are two independent systems, if we only consider the security of the A system, then the security of the B system should be completely ignored.
谈到安全的概念,很多读者会立刻想到危害安全的黑客。如果说安全的核心是对抗,那么在对抗的两个主角(攻方与守方)中,攻方(黑客)又是第一主角,原因在于守方(红客)是因攻方(黑客)而诞生的。
When it comes to the concept of security, many readers will immediately think of hackers who endanger security. If the security is the core of confrontation, so in two against the protagonist (attacking and defending), offensive (hackers) is the first reason is that the protagonist, because of (red) (born hackers).
广义地说,系统(或组织)的破坏者都统称为“黑客”,他们以扰乱既有秩序为目的。
Broadly speaking, the destroyer of the system (or organization) is collectively referred to as the hacker, which is aimed at disrupting the existing order.
人们开发软件、研制信息产品、建设网络系统时,肯定都希望安全第一。但是,“理想很丰满,现实很骨感”,任何系统都不可能绝对安全,其安全性也无法事先严格证明,只能由实践来检验。无论多么认真,无论花费多少时间和精力,只要是人造的东西,就一定会有安全缺陷;而且,这些缺陷有时还很难被发现。怎么办呢?当然只好由专门检测人员,利用特制工具,来挖掘、修补和处理这些潜在的缺陷。
国家发布个人信息安全评估办法
People develop software, the development of information products, the construction of the network system, we all want to safety first. However, the ideal is full, the reality is very skinny, any system can not be absolutely safe, its security also can be proved strictly, can only be tested by practice. No matter how serious, no matter how much time and effort it takes, as long as it is man-made, there will be security flaws, and these defects can sometimes be hard to detect. What shall I do? Of course, it is necessary to use special tools to dig, repair and deal with these potential defects.
除了带工资外,从纯技术角度看,这些检测人员与黑客其实没啥区别;而且,他们显然都是绝不可少的,因为,“带着缺陷运行的系统”更危险、更可怕。从这个角度看,黑客的产生也是不可避免的。因为,即使是经过高级专门人员检测后,也还会遗留一些未被发现的缺陷,于是,社会上便出现了一批“志愿者”,他们不分昼夜,不辞辛劳,对这些系统反复进行地毯式搜索,希望找到更多的漏洞去换钱,或以此证明自己的能力。这批“志愿者”就俗称黑客。
In addition to take salary, from a purely technical point of view, these inspectors and hackers in fact nothing different; moreover, they are obviously indispensable, because, with the system defects in operation is more dangerous and more terrible. From this perspective, the emergence of hackers is inevitable. Because, even after the senior specialized personnel detection, also left some undetected defects, so the society appeared a number of volunteers, they do not divide day, tirelessly, for these repeated carpet search, hoping to find more bugs to change, or to prove their ability. These volunteers are commonly known as hackers.
电脑由硬件和软件两部分组成,前者决定了它的体力,后者决定了它的智力。软件的具体表现形式,其实就是称作代码的东西,它们不过只是一些逻辑命令而已,让电脑第一步这样,第二步那样,等等。电脑也很听话,指令让它干什么,它就干什么;让它做好事,它就做好事;让它做坏事,它就做坏事;甚至让它自杀,它也会毫不犹豫地遵令行事。

防毒之冠群金辰公司简介

The computer is made up of two parts: hardware and software. The former determines its physical strength. The specific manifestation of the software, in fact, is called the code of things, they are just some logical commands, so that the first step in the computer, second steps, etc.. The computer is also very obedient, the instruction lets it do anything, it does anything; lets it do the good deed, it does the good deed; lets it do the bad thing, it does the bad thing; even lets it commit suicide, it also can not hesitate to act according to the law.
虽然人类一厢情愿地,将做好事的代码称为善意代码,简称为代码;将做坏事的代码称为恶意代码,但是,从电脑角度来看,它们都是代码,都是应该一视同仁地执行的命令。
Although human wishful thinking, will do good code to write code, the code will be referred to as; bad code called malicious code, but the computer from the point of view, they are all code, should be equally commands.
仅仅从代码的角度来看,编写恶意代码更容易,编写善意代码更难,因为,善意代码的目标是要把某些工作做成,而恶意代码则是要把这些工作搞砸;而普遍规律是:败事容易,成事难。恶意代码是一个庞大的家族,甚至已经形成了一个个黑色部落。比如病毒、蠕虫、僵尸、木马等,都是典型的恶意代码的代表。
Only from the perspective of writing code, malicious code is easier to write good code, more difficult, because the good code’s goal is to put some work into, and malicious code is to put the work and the general law is screwed; failure to do difficult. Malicious code is a huge family, and even the formation of a black tribe. Such as viruses, worms, zombies, Trojans, etc., are representative of the typical malicious code.
计算机病毒能够像寄生虫那样,把自己附着在各种类型的文件上,当文件被复制或在网上传播时,病毒也就随同文件一起快速蔓延。由于其独特的复制能力,而且还很难从正常文件中被切割,所以病毒对资源的消耗和破坏能力都很强,并且不易根除。
A computer virus can attach itself to a variety of documents, such as a parasite, and when the file is copied or spread on the Internet, the virus spreads quickly along with the file. Because of its unique ability to copy, but also difficult to cut from the normal file, so the virus consumption and destruction of resources are very strong, and not easy to eradicate.
蠕虫病毒既可无限再生,又可迅速传播。蠕虫病毒是能够独立作战的“自包含程序”,它能将其自身功能的全部或部分,传染到网上的其他终端。蠕虫主要包括主机蠕虫和网络蠕虫,前者完全包含在其运行的主机中,并且通过网络将自身拷贝到其他终端。一旦它完成拷贝动作后,就会自杀,让其克隆物继续作恶;因此,在任何时刻,都只有一个蠕虫拷贝在运行。
The worm can be recycled and spread quickly. The worm is a self – contained program that is able to operate independently. It can infect all other parts of the network. The worm mainly includes the host worm and the network worm. The former is completely contained in the host, and copies itself to other terminals through the network. Once it is done, it will commit suicide, allowing the clone to continue to do evil; therefore, at all times, there is only one copy of the worm running.
僵尸病毒通过“互联网中继聊天服务器(IRC)”来控制一大群计算机;此时这些所谓的“计算机”已经失去了独立的行动能力,而只能听由“赶尸者”,即黑客指挥。目前,僵尸已经成为互联网上黑客最青睐的作案工具之一了。针对手机用户,僵尸的攻击更加传奇。轻者,其手机被莫名扣费、朋友被广告短信深夜骚扰;重者,存款泡汤、为害八方。手机僵尸的扩散特点很像传销组织,一级感染一级,时间越长,被感染和控制的手机也就越多,呈指数级爆炸型增长。而且,它还在不断变异。有些变异后,竟然能够在关机或锁定的情况下,让手机仍然自动发送信息;甚至,还能反过来将“试图消灭它的杀毒软件”杀死。
The zombie virus through the Internet Relay Chat server (IRC) to control a large computer; then these so-called computer has lost the ability to act independently, and can only listen to the vampire, namely the hacker command. Currently, the Internet has become one of the most popular hacker tools of crime. For mobile phone users, zombie attacks more legendary. Light, the phone is inexplicable chargeback, a friend was advertising messages late night harassment; heavy, deposit bath, damage to the eight party. The proliferation characteristics of mobile phones are very much like pyramid selling organization, a level of infection, the longer the infection and control of the phone will be more, exponential explosive growth. And it’s constantly changing. Some changes, even in the case of shutdown or lock, so that the phone is still automatically send information, and even, in turn, will try to destroy its anti-virus software to kill.
木马病毒通过特定程序(木马程序)来控制另一台计算机,它不会自我繁殖,也并不刻意感染其他文件,相反它要尽量伪装自己,别引起外界的注意,让人在不知不觉中将其植入自己的电脑,使其成为“被控制端”。待到冲锋号响起后,黑客在控制端发出命令,木马就开始行动,或毁坏被控制端,或从中窃取任何文件、增加口令,或浏览、移动、复制、删除、修改注册表和计算机配置等。木马病毒一旦启动,就很难被阻止,因为,它会将自己加载到核心软件中,系统每次启用,它就自动开始运行;干完坏事后,它还会立刻隐形(自动变更文件名),或马上将自身复制到其他文件夹中,还可以不经用户准许就偷偷获得使用权。
Trojan (Trojan) through specific procedures to control another computer, it will not self reproduction, also do not deliberately infect other files, instead it should try to disguise themselves, not to attract the attention of the outside world, people in the imperceptibly into his computer, make it become a controlled end. When the trumpet sounded, the hacker commands in the control side, the Trojans began operations, or destroyed by the control side, or from stealing any documents, increase the password, or browse, copy, move, delete, modify the registry and computer configuration etc.. Trojan virus once started, it is very difficult to stop, because it will own loaded into the core software, each time the system is enabled, it will automatically start running; do, it will immediately contact (automatic change file name), or will soon be copied to other folders, can secretly obtain the right to use without permission of the user.
◆风险防御建议
The risk prevention recommendations
大数据时代背景下,针对过去已经遗留在网上的海量碎片信息,如何进行隐私保护呢?如果单靠技术,显然无能为力,甚至会越“保护”就越“泄露隐私”,因此,必须多管齐下。比如,从法律上,禁止以“人肉搜索”为目的的大数据挖掘行为;增加“网民的被遗忘权”等法律条款,即,网民有权要求相关网络删除“与自己直接相关的信息碎片”。从管理角度,也可以采取措施,对一些恶意的大数据行为进行发现、监督和管控。另外,在必要的时候,还需要重塑“隐私”概念,因为,毕竟“隐私”本身就是一个与时间、地点、民族、宗教、文化等有关的东西,在某种意义上也是一种约定俗成的东西。
Under the background of big data era, in the past has been left on the Internet massive debris information, how to carry out privacy protection? If you rely solely on technology, apparently powerless, and even more protection, the more disclosure of privacy, therefore, must be multi pronged. For example, from the law, to prohibit human flesh search for the purpose of data mining; increase the netizen’s right to be forgotten and other legal provisions, that is, users have the right to request the relevant network delete is directly related to their pieces of information. From the management point of view, you can also take measures to conduct a number of malicious acts of big data discovery, supervision and control. In addition, when necessary, also need to reshape the privacy concept, because, after all, the privacy itself is a related time, location, nationality, religion, culture and other things, in a sense is also a common thing.
针对今后的网络行为,应该如何来保护自己的隐私,至少不要把过多的没必要的碎片信息遗留在网上呢?在这里,我想提供一个很实用的策略,那就是:匿名!只要做好匿名工作,那么,谈论什么“隐私泄露”,就是无本之木、无源之水了。匿名的重点包括:
For the future of network behavior, how to protect their privacy, at least not too much unnecessary debris information left on the Internet? Here, I would like to provide a very practical strategy, that is: anonymous! So, as long as do anonymous work, talk about what the privacy, that is, a source of water. Anonymous focus includes:
身份匿名。任何绯闻或丑事儿,当大家并不知道你就是当事人时,请问你的隐私被泄露了吗?当然没有!没准你还踮着脚、伸着长脖子往前挤,还想多看几眼热闹呢!
Identity anonymity. Any gossip or scandal, when we do not know that you are a party, what is your privacy is compromised? Certainly not! Perhaps you also stand on tiptoe, stretched out a long neck to squeeze forward, but also want to see a few more lively!
属性匿名。如果你觉得自己的某些属性(比如,在哪里工作、有啥爱好、病史记录等)需要保密,那么,请记住:打死也不要在网上发布自己的这些消息,甚至要有意避开与这些属性相关的东西。这样别人就很难对你顺藤摸瓜了。关系匿名。如果你不想让别人知道你与张三是朋友,那么,最好在网上离张三远一点儿,不要去关注与他相关的任何事情,更别与他搭讪。
Attribute anonymity. If you think some of their own property (for example, where to work, what records, etc.) need to be kept confidential, so please remember: do not kill these to publish their own news on the Internet, or even to avoid things associated with these attributes. So it will be hard for others to you by. Relational anonymity. If you don’t want people to know that you’re a friend with Zhang three, it’s better to be a little off the Internet, not to focus on anything related to him.
位置匿名。这一点用不着我来教你了吧。至少别主动在社交媒体上随时暴露自己的行踪,好像生怕别人不知道“你现在正在某饭店吃饭”一样。
Location anonymity. I don’t need to teach you this. At least do not take the initiative in the social media to expose their whereabouts at any time, as if afraid of other people do not know, you are now eating in a restaurant.
概括一下,在大数据之前,隐私保护的哲学是:把“私”藏起来,而我的身份可公开。今后,大数据隐私保护的哲学将变成:把“私”公开(实际上是没法不公开),而我的身份却被藏起来,即匿名。
To sum up, before the big data, privacy philosophy is: the private hidden, and my identity can be open. In the future, the philosophy of privacy protection of big data will become: the private open (in fact, can not be not open), and my identity has been hidden, that is anonymous.
对于我们普通的个人用户,应该如何防范恶意代码呢?希望以下这几招能对你有帮助。
For our ordinary individual users, how to prevent malicious code? I hope these tips can help you.
1.永远不要执行任何来历不明的软件或程序,除非您确信自己的防毒水平已登峰造极;
1 never perform any unknown source or origin software or program, unless you are sure of their gas level has reach the peak of perfection;
2.永远不要相信你邮箱不会收到含有恶意代码的邮件;
2 never believe that your mailbox will not receive messages containing malicious code;
更新终端计算设备的系统和应用软件已经成为一种基本的生存技能,而关注新使用的系统的安全更新问题也是很必要的安全觉悟。
3.用电邮给朋友发软件时,记得叮嘱对方先查毒,因为,在你电脑上不发作的病毒,没准在朋友电脑上就复活了;

3 e-mail to a friend when the software, remember to tell each other to check the first drug, because the virus does not occur on your computer, probably on a friend’s computer resurrection;
4.永远不要因为对方是你的好朋友,就轻易执行他发过来的软件或程序,因为你无法确信他是否安装过病毒防火墙,也许你的朋友中了黑客程序还不知道,还以为是什么好东西寄来与你分享呢;
4 never because you are good friends, it is easy to perform the software or program he sent me, because you are not sure whether he had installed virus firewall, maybe your friends in the hacking program also don’t know, I thought what is good stuff to share with you this mail;
5.千万不要随便留下你的个人资料,因为你永远不会知道是否有人会处心积虑地收集起来,用于今后找你麻烦;
50 million do not leave your personal data, because you never know if someone deliberately plan to collect, for the trouble you;
6.千万不要轻易相信网络上认识的新朋友,因为“在网络上,没有人会知道你是一只狗”!你无法判断,对方是否想把你当作实验品。
60 million do not easily believe that the network to meet new friends, because on the network, no one will know that you are a dog! You can’t tell if the other person wants to treat you as an experiment.
面对各种各样的黑客,我们更要注意保护自己,以下十点建议也许对你有益。
In the face of all kinds of hackers, we should pay attention to protect themselves, the following ten suggestions may be useful to you.
1.使用杀毒软件并经常升级,从而使恶意程序远离你的计算机;

赛门铁克警告Switch模拟器下载链接实为垃圾站点

1 use anti-virus software and often upgrade, so that malicious programs away from your computer;
2.别允许网店储存你的信用卡资料,哪怕是为了方便你今后购物;
2 do not allow the store to store your credit card information, even if it is convenient for your future shopping;
3.设置口令时,请使用由数字和字母混排而成的、难以破译的口令;
3 when setting a password, use the password that is made up of numbers and letters;
4.对不同的网站和程序,使用不同的口令,以防止被黑客破译;
4 pairs of different sites and procedures, the use of different passwords to prevent hacking;
5.使用最新版本的浏览器、电子邮件和其他网络软件;
5 use the latest version of the browser, e-mail and other network software;
6.别向可疑网站发送信用卡卡号,留意浏览器底部信息栏中显示的挂锁图标或钥匙图标;
6 do not send a credit card number to a suspicious site, pay attention to the browser at the bottom of the information bar displays the padlock icon or key icon;
7.确认你要点击的网站地址正确无误,别被黑客用“李鬼”钓了鱼;
7 confirm that you want to click on the site address is correct, do not be hackers with Li Gui fishing for fish;

不要因为我们的系统看起来“运行正常”就可以高枕无忧,除了那些有意的破坏者,不少黑客都会“潜伏”,即在不影响网络系统正常工作的情况下,悄然地通过截获、窃取、破译等方式以获得我们重要的机密信息。

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The original | China information security evaluation center Zhao Wei Dai Zhonghua: software defined network brings challenges and opportunities for information security

点击上方“中国信息安全” 可以订阅中国信息安全测评中心 赵伟 戴忠华
Click on the top Chinese information security can subscribe to China Information Security Evaluation Center Zhao Wei, Dai Zhonghua
软件定义网络(Software-Defined Networking,SDN)是一种新的网络设计理念,是对传统IT网络、电信网络基础设施的重构,已在全球范围内得到政府和产业界的高度重视。SDN的迅速发展和深化应用,不仅带来了全新的信息安全威胁和挑战,也丰富了传统信息安全防护技术和思路,将对传统信息安全产生重大影响。
Software defined network (Software-Defined Networking SDN) is a new concept of network design, it is a reconstruction of the traditional IT network, telecom network infrastructure, has received great attention from government and industry in the global scope. The rapid development and deepening of the application of SDN, not only brings new information security threats and challenges, but also enrich the traditional information security protection technology and ideas, will have a significant impact on traditional information security.
SDN的内涵与发展
Connotation and development of SDN
2009年,美国斯坦福大学于正式提出SDN概念,同年,麻省理工学院将其列为“改变世界的十大创新技术之一”。2012年10月,美国咨询公司Garnter将其列为未来五年十大关键科技趋势之一。目前,SDN尚处于发展阶段,但是其带来的网络架构重构契机已经得到国内外政府、企业的高度关注,将逐步应用于传统网络改造优化、网络安全以及云计算、数据中心、第五代移动通信技术(5G)等多个领域。
In 2009, Stanford University formally proposed the concept of SDN, in the same year, Massachusetts Institute of Technology will be listed as one of the ten innovative technologies to change the world. In October 2012, Garnter, an American consultancy, ranked it as one of the ten key technology trends for the next five years. At present, SDN is still at the stage of development, but it brings the network architecture reconstruction opportunity has been highly concerned at home and abroad of the government and the enterprises, will be gradually applied to the traditional network optimization, network security, cloud computing, data center, the fifth generation mobile communication technology (5G) etc..
1. SDN的内涵
1 the connotation of SDN
SDN既不是一项具体的技术,也不是一个具体的协议,而是一种网络架构。传统网络中,每个路由或者交换设备都将控制和数据转发功能集成在一个硬件设备中,既负责网络走向,又负责数据转发。在SDN网络中,依据开放网络基金会(Open Networking Foundation,ONF)的定义,SDN将传统网络设备的紧耦合架构分解为转发平面、控制平面和应用平面三个独立的部分。
SDN is not a specific technology, nor is it a specific agreement, but a network architecture. In traditional networks, each routing or switching device integrates the control and data forwarding functions in a hardware device, which is responsible for the network and data forwarding. In SDN network, based on open network foundation (Open Networking, Foundation, ONF) the definition of SDN will be tightly coupled architecture of traditional network equipment into the forwarding plane and control three independent parts and application of plane plane.
●转发平面:即底层网络设备,既包括硬件网络设备,也包括虚拟网络设备。它只单纯负责数据业务的物理转发。
Forwarding plane: the underlying network devices, including hardware network equipment, including virtual network equipment. It is only responsible for the physical forwarding of data services.
●控制平面:即安装在服务器中的控制器软件,实现对所有底层网络设备的自动化集中控制。
Control plane: that is installed in the server controller software, the realization of all the underlying network equipment automation centralized control.
●应用平面:业务应用程序可以通过控制器对转发平面的底层网络设备进行“编程”,实现网络控制权对用户开放。
Application plane: the business application can be programmed by the controller to the underlying network device of the forwarding plane, so as to realize the network control right.
依据上述定义,SDN具有转发平面和控制平面解耦、逻辑上集中控制、网络可编程三个基本特性。这些特性使传统网络基础架构从分布式控制转变为集中控制,从手工配置的“静态”模式转变为软件定义的“动态”模式,突破了传统网络架构“封闭”、自动化管控能力低等发展瓶颈。
According to the above definition, SDN has three basic characteristics: the forwarding plane and the control plane, the centralized control and the network programmable. These features make the traditional network architecture from distributed control into a centralized control, from the manual configuration of the static mode for software defined dynamic mode, breaking the traditional network architecture closed, automatic control, low ability of development bottleneck.
2. SDN的发展
2 SDN development
第一,国家重视。
First, the national attention.
在国外,重要的国家安全机构相继加强SDN的布局和应用。美国国防部(DOD)、能源部(DOE)和国土安全部(DHS)自2015年开始,相继开展SDN传统网络优化和网络安全领域应用。欧洲网络与信息安全局(ENISA)于2015年12月发布《软件定义网络(SDN)/5G威胁环境和最佳实践指南》,分析了SDN/5G网络的安全威胁与潜在风险。
In foreign countries, important national security agencies have strengthened the layout and application of SDN. The United States Department of Defense (DOD), the Department of energy (DOE) and the Department of Homeland Security (DHS) since 2015, have been carried out using SDN traditional network optimization and network security. The European network and Information Security Agency (ENISA) released in December 2015 the software defined network (SDN) \/5G threat environment and best practice guide, analyzes the security threats and potential risks of SDN\/5G networks.
在我国,国家发改委和工信部在《关于做好2015年电子信息产业振兴和技术改造专项有关工作的通知》(发改办高技[2015]869号)中,重点支持信息网络产品产业化,其中包括支持SDN的云计算数据中心高性能交换机等设备;在《关于实施制造业升级改造重大工程包的通知》(发改产业[2016]1055号)中,提到要推进和发展SDN设备产业化;在2017年2月发布的《战略性新兴产业重点产品和服务指导目录》(2016版)中,将SDN交换机列为重点产品。
In our country, the national development and Reform Commission and the Ministry of the notice on 2015 electronic information industry revitalization and transformation of special work (high-tech development and Reform Office No. [2015]869), focusing on industrial information network products, including support for SDN cloud computing data center switches in high performance; notice on the implementation of major projects to upgrade package manufacturing (Industrial Development and reform No. [2016]1055), referred to the promotion and development of the SDN equipment industry; released in February 2017 strategic emerging industries focus on products and services to guide directory (2016 Edition), the SDN switch is listed as key products.
第二,产业关注。
Second, industry concerns.
国外以谷歌、微软、脸书等为代表的互联网公司,和以美国电信公司AT&T、英国电信、德国电信为代表的网络运营商积极布局SDN领域,加速向基于SDN的网络架构转型。
Google, Microsoft, Facebook and other representatives of the Internet Co, and the U.S. Telecom Company AT
在国内,南京市政府和北京邮电大学等在2011年组建成立江苏未来网络创新研究院,将SDN作为研究与产业化的重要方向;工信部电信研究院于2014年11月成立SDN产业联盟,推动SDN产业发展。以百度、腾讯等为代表的互联网公司和以中国移动、中国电信、中国联通为代表的网络运营商正在积极推进基于SDN的网络架构转型,已经开始在部分现网中应用SDN。
In China, the Nanjing municipal government and Beijing University of Posts and Telecommunications in 2011 the establishment of Jiangsu future network innovation Institute, SDN as an important direction of research and industrialization; the Ministry of Telecommunications Research Institute was established in November 2014 SDN industry alliance, to promote the development of SDN industry. For Baidu, the Tencent as the representative of the Internet Co and China Mobile, China Telecom, China Unicom network operators is being actively promote the transformation of the SDN network architecture based on SDN has been applied in part of the present network.
第三,标准化推动。

电子商务软件销售

Third, standardization driven.
由微软、美国数字设备公司(DEC)和惠普(HP)等国际计算机巨头组建的开放网络基金会是最早推动SDN标准的组织,互联网工作任务组(IETF)、国际电信联盟(ITU)和电信标准协会(ETSI)也陆续开展SDN标准化工作。目前,尚未正式发布SDN及其安全标准。
By Microsoft, the U.S. Digital Equipment Corporation (DEC) and HP (HP) open fund and other international giants set up computer network will be the first to promote SDN standard organization, Internet task group (IETF), the International Telecommunication Union (ITU) and Telecommunications Standards Institute (ETSI) has continued to carry out land SDN standardization work. Currently, SDN has not yet officially released and its security standards.
在我国,中国电信标准化协会(CCSA)开展了SDN标准化工作,也未正式发布SDN及其安全标准。
In our country, the China Telecom Standardization Association (CCSA) to carry out the SDN standardization work, also not officially released SDN and its safety standards.
SDN给信息安全带来的挑战
SDN challenges to information security
由于网络基础设备和网络安全设备相互依赖,SDN给底层网络结构带来改变的同时,将不可避免地影响网络安全。SDN的快速发展和在国家关键基础设施行业以及云计算、数据中心的深化应用的独特性,给这些领域带来了潜在的安全风险和挑战。
As the network infrastructure and network security devices rely on each other, SDN changes to the underlying network structure will inevitably affect network security. The rapid development of SDN and the uniqueness of the country’s critical infrastructure industries as well as the deepening application of cloud computing, data centers, these areas have brought potential security risks and challenges.
1. 集中控制带来的安全风险
1 security risks brought by centralized control
SDN转发平面和控制平面解耦实现了硬件网络设备和控制器软件的独立部署、独立升级,成就了SDN的集中控制架构。在这种架构下,SDN控制器集中了所有网络设备的控制功能,可以根据用户的不同需求以及全局网络拓扑,实现灵活动态地资源分配、配置和管理。这种特性导致控制器成为攻击SDN网络的首要目标,成为SDN网络的最大安全隐患。控制器一旦被攻击,轻则引发拒绝服务攻击、数据伪造等安全问题,重则被完全控制,危及整个IT网络、电信网络基础设施。
The decoupling of SDN forwarding plane and control plane realizes the independent deployment and independent upgrade of hardware network equipment and controller software, and achieves the centralized control architecture of SDN. In this architecture, the SDN controller can control the function of all the network devices. It can realize flexible and dynamic resource allocation, configuration and management. This characteristic causes the controller to become the primary goal of attacking SDN network, and become the biggest security risk of SDN network. Once the controller is attacked, the light will lead to denial of service attacks, data forgery and other security issues, and then be completely controlled, endangering the entire IT network, telecommunications network infrastructure.
2. 网络可编程带来的安全风险
2 network programmable security risks
过去,在信息化建设的过程中,忽视对“人员”的安全管理让我们付出了大量的代价,现在,提高“人”的信息安全意识,加强“人”的信息安全教育,培养“安全人”已成为我们开展信息安全工作,构建信息安全保障体系的一个关键问题。
SDN网络可编程特性突破了传统网络架构应用系统难以调用网络的能力。这种特性允许用户开发的认证、鉴权、审计等业务应用系统以“编程”的方式通过控制器软件对网络资源进行动态分配、自动化业务下发和实时信息获取等操作。在这种情况下,一旦有人利用业务应用系统漏洞,对使用SDN的网络“编程”特性进行恶意破坏,将会引发拒绝服务攻击、流量嗅探等安全问题。
The programmability of SDN network breaks through the ability of traditional network architecture application system to call the network. Authentication, authorization, auditing business applications such as this feature allows the user to develop programming through the controller software for dynamic allocation, automation of business of cyber source issued and real-time information acquisition and other operations. In this case, once someone exploits the vulnerability of the business application system, the use of SDN network programming features malicious destruction, will lead to denial of service attacks, traffic sniffing and other security issues.
3. 缺乏安全机制设计带来的风险
3 lack of security mechanism design risks
通常情况下,一项新兴架构或技术在设计之初往往重视功能实现,或没有或缺少安全设计考虑,SDN也不例外。目前,SDN在访问控制、鉴别授权、应用安全隔离等安全功能设计上尚不完善或功能缺失,国内外标准组织,如开放网络基金会、互联网工作任务组、国际电信联盟、中国电信标准化协会等,在SDN架构安全、转发平面、控制平面和应用平面的安全防护方面也没有出台相应标准,这给SDN产业发展和应用安全,带来潜在隐患。
Typically, an emerging architecture or technology at the beginning of the design often attaches importance to functional implementation, or no or lack of security design considerations, SDN is no exception. At present, SDN in access control, authentication authorization, application security isolation security function design is not perfect or loss of function, domestic and international standards organizations, such as open network foundation, Internet task group, the International Telecommunication Union, China Telecom Standardization Association, in terms of security architecture of SDN security, forwarding plane, control plane and the application of plane has not issued the corresponding standards, the SDN industry development and application of safety, potential risks.

【平安建设】北京交通行业2017年春节期间安全平稳有序

SDN给信息安全带来的机遇
SDN brings opportunities for information security
科学技术是把双刃剑。SDN基本特性给信息安全带来安全挑战的同时,也带来了全新的机遇,在安全管理、安全防护与监控等方面拓展了思路。
Science and technology is a double-edged sword. The basic characteristics of SDN bring security challenges to information security, but also bring new opportunities, in the field of security management, security protection and monitoring, etc..
1. 实现网络安全的自动化管理
1 automated management of network security
第一,自动化配置网络安全策略
First, the automatic configuration of network security policy
在传统网络安全管理时,安全策略需通过手工配置,这是一项非常复杂的任务,几乎不可能实现有规模、系统的、自动化的管理;同时,面对实时发生的网络攻击,无法形成自动响应能力。在SDN网络中,控制器的集中控制特性实现了从逻辑上对物理安全设备和虚拟安全资源下发和配置安全策略,实现了虚拟安全资源的动态编排,实现了自动化改变数据流向,这使网络安全管理者能根据网络架构变化、网络攻击情况实现安全策略的自动化创建和部署。
In the traditional network security management, security policy required by manual configuration, this is a very complex task, almost impossible to achieve scale, and automatic management system; at the same time, in the face of real-time network attack, unable to form automatic response capability. In SDN network, centralized control performance of the controller is realized from the logic of physical security equipment and virtual security resources issued and configure security policy to achieve the dynamic scheduling of virtual safety resources, realize the automation of change data flow, which makes the network security management based on network architecture, network attack changes to realize the automation of security the creation and deployment strategy.
第二,灵活开发安全应用程序
Second, flexible development of security applications
SDN的编程特性允许用户在开发上层应用程序时不必关注底层网络设备的硬件细节,应用程序通过控制器实现对底层网络设备的管理和配置。这种特性在应用程序和网络设备之间架起了一座桥梁,为灵活地开发应用程序带来极大的便捷。特别是在信息安全领域,用户可以根据SDN网络安全防护需求,定制开发高级安全应用,实现在网络上应用安全策略的新方式。
SDN programming features allow users to develop the upper application program without having to pay attention to the hardware details of the underlying network devices, applications through the controller to achieve the management and configuration of the underlying network devices. This kind of characteristic sets up a bridge between the application and the network equipment, which brings great convenience for the flexible development of the application. Especially in the field of information security, users can be customized according to the requirements of SDN network security protection, the development of advanced security applications, to achieve a new way of applying security policies on the network.

2. 拓展网络的安全防护与监控方式
2 develop network security and monitoring methods
第一,基于SDN的网络安全威胁检测与防御
First, based on the SDN network security threat detection and defense
SDN的集中控制和可编程功能可以实现对整个网络流量的监控,动态控制恶意或可疑的网络流量或数据包,并对其进行重新路由、分离或丢弃等操作,实现对DDos/Dos攻击、网络异常的检测与消控。美国国防部于2015年开始将SDN应用于传统网络安全,利用SDN对自身网络进行安全扫描和威胁识别;美国国土安全部于2016年实施基于SDN的动态流量隔离技术研究与实践。
SDN centralized control and programmable function can realize the monitoring of the whole network traffic, dynamic control of malicious or suspicious network traffic or data packets, and the separation or discarded operations such as re routing, and to realize the detection of DDos\/Dos attacks, network anomaly and fire control. The United States Department of defense began in 2015 SDN will be used in the traditional network security, using SDN security scanning and threat identification on their own network; the U.S. Department of Homeland Security in 2016 the implementation of SDN dynamic traffic isolation technology research and practice based on.
第二,基于SDN的网络安全态势感知
Second, SDN based network security situational awareness

金蝶智慧记,为您的生意数据安全保驾护航

SDN控制器可以实现对全局网络设备进行集中控制,掌握全局网络实时的流量信息和实时安全状态,这种特性为网络安全态势感知提供了新方法。美国国防部于2015年开始利用SDN对自身网络进行安全态势感知;美国的Veracity公司利用SDN进行网络资产识别和管理、客户定义的安全域、基于威胁的事件响应等方面的态势感知。
The SDN controller can realize the centralized control of the global network equipment, grasp the real-time traffic information and real-time security state of the global network, which provides a new method for network security situational awareness. The United States Department of defense began to use SDN security awareness of their own network in 2015; the United States Veracity company using SDN network asset identification and management, customer defined security domain, based on the threat response situation awareness.
结语
epilogue
富祥股份:长江证券承销保荐有限公司关于《江西富祥药业股份有限…
各国政府和产业界正积极把握SDN带来的网络架构重构契机,高度关注SDN的未来发展,推进SDN应用的落地,同时,也关注SDN给信息安全带来潜在的严峻挑战,以及给信息安全发展带来的新思路。目前,SDN尚处于发展阶段,我国在加快SDN相关技术与产品研发与应用的同时,应把握SDN给信息安全带来的正反两方面作用。一方面,加强对SDN安全技术与产品的支持力度,积极推进SDN安全标准化研究与制定工作;另一方面,探索SDN在信息安全领域的应用创新,从而保障SDN在国家关键基础设施行业应用的安全。(本文刊登于《中国信息安全》2017年第3期)
Governments and industry are actively grasp the SDN brings network architecture reconstruction opportunity, highly concerned about the future development of SDN, SDN to promote the application of the floor, at the same time, also pay attention to SDN potential challenges to information security, and bring new ideas to the development of information security. At present, SDN is still in the development stage, while speeding up the development and application of SDN related technologies and products, we should grasp the positive and negative two aspects of information security brought by SDN. On the one hand, to strengthen the SDN security technology and product support, and actively promote the research of the SDN security standards and work; on the other hand, to explore the application of SDN innovation in the field of information security, so as to guarantee the SDN in the national key infrastructure industry application security. This article is published in China Information Security 2017 third
更多网络安全专家原创文章
More network security experts original article
长按二维码关注“中国信息安全”公众号
Long by two-dimensional code concern China information security public number
内容转载自公众号
Content from the public number
长按二维码向我转账
Long by two-dimensional code to me transfer
受苹果公司新规定影响,微信 iOS 版的赞赏功能被关闭,可通过二维码转账支持公众号。
Affected by the new regulations of Apple Corp, WeChat iOS version of the feature is closed, can be transferred through the two-dimensional code to support public numbers.
微信扫一扫关注该公众号
WeChat sweep attention to the public number

多家公司用户数据库泄露,直接从谷歌网站即可搜索,所以我们应该重视搜索引擎泄密,要积极利用搜索引擎,密切监控自身的暴露情况。

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涉密人员必修课

Lin Jin: bathroom eight trends

林津,厦门匠仕创客公司的CCO、创客导师。号称卫浴行业的百科全书,有着34年卫浴行业从业经验,他设计的产品及带领的团队屡获德国IF大奖、红点(相当于奥斯卡)、红星奖、红棉奖等国内外各种设计大奖。近期,带领匠仕工业设计团队一举夺得八个iF奖项,破了建材家居行业纪录。同时,他是第一个代表中国卫浴设计师在IF颁奖会上发言的大师,是国内公认的厨卫专家,也是国家级陶瓷艺术设计大师。
在4月18日下午的第二届中国陶瓷卫浴产区峰会上,林津老师分享了卫浴产品的设计趋势,卫浴产品的技术、国外公司对技术专利的保卫,以及卫浴通过材料的研究跟瓷砖行业如何对接等内容。
浴室设计趋势
豪华、舒适、绿色现在卫生间成为除了客厅、厨房,以及自己睡的地方之外的另外一个空间,未来的卫生间趋势是装修豪华,空间越来越大。其次是绿色建筑和绿色墙面以及绿色产品,未来环保的产品越来越严。
个性化和打造自设浴室的可能性未来浴室产品的定制是一个趋势,根据你的要求从颜色、尺寸、甚至功能可以定制。
近年来“黑客”盗取邮箱骗走大笔货款的案子很多,钱被黑客骗走,生意扯皮,客户流失,表面上只是邮箱保护不力,邮件被截取和冒用,实际上要保护好邮箱,需要全面的安全防范,需要从基本的安全意识和技能抓起。
通用设计和老少皆宜随着中国和世界各地的老年人的增加,除了关爱儿童的趋势出现之外,关爱弱势群体的设计趋势也将越来越明显。
元素统一未来中国的卫浴,跟欧美一样开始元素统一,以东欧为代表干和湿分开,国外卫浴分离,干湿分离。
金属支架2016年特别明显的是复合材料—金属支架,工业风的产品出现了,盆和金属支架的出现已经大量出现。
智能往年只是顶级的马桶出现一些智能马桶,但是今年,在国外的展会,大量的出现智能马桶,实质很多智能马桶来自中国,未来整体的卫浴一定会出现,前不久看到了整体的厨房,以冰箱为端口开始做智能的橱柜,未来的智能化初见雏形。智能化时代即将到来,我们对智能了解可能现在仅仅是智能马桶,但是在不久的将来,每个企业都在研究智能产品。
未来智能马桶也是一个端口,甚至未来会不会出现智能马桶不卖钱,却要收集身体的数据,然后卖给医院和保险公司,智能马桶应该值得观望。
收纳空间未来收纳和智能会链接在一起,如果漏水,会有报警系统链接在一起,而且价格不会很贵。
八大浴室产品设计趋势
1龙头设计趋势
2五金设计趋势
3浴室柜设计趋势
老板们不懂信息安全该怎么办?
4脸盆设计趋势
5浴缸设计趋势
6马桶设计趋势
7淋浴房设计趋势
8花洒设计趋势
互联网+卫浴
▶ 互联网电商
几年前很多卫浴企业开展的电商销售,只不过把卖东西的地方从线下换到线上,导致这些卫浴企业电商平台与原来的线下经销商利益产生冲突,最后黯然收场;
伴随着越来越多的80、90后成为市场消费主力军,他们个性化需求反过来推动产品的功能创新;
谁能创作更具功能、更具欣赏价值的产品,谁就获得了市场的第一生产力;
要利用移动互联网、大数据、云计算等技术的运用,将现在网络平台作为传统销售终端的虚拟展厅和收银台,同时打造线下体验店,售后服务,线上线下结合,打造互联网卫浴电商的新零售。
▶ 大数据
互联网时代,产品开发模式要从“产品导向”转变为“用户导向”;
信息化时代下,网民的动向、行为习惯以及兴趣爱好都会被记录下来,成为互联网的数据;
卫浴企业要利用互联网数据了解消费者的需求,在产品设计与研发上抓住消费者的兴奋点,打造极致的让用户“尖叫”的产品;
提防卫浴行业之外的企业的进入。
▶ 物联网,智能卫浴空间
充分考虑用户需求,提供卫浴、用水、洗护等智能生态整体解决方案,通过整合交互平台及各方资源,满足用户需求,让卫浴洗护更便捷、更智慧、更健康。
随着技术升级和消费升级,极致,科技,体验,新材料,健康概念,人性化正在成为每一个卫浴品牌和厂商追求的目标。设计在技术,材质,工艺方面,都不会比大牌差,但在产品的设计元素,深入理解用户心理,习惯,情景客户价值方面欠缺,同时展示方式,产品故事,客户情怀,产品诉求等方面还有待加强。
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Lin Jin, Xiamen Shi Shi Chong passenger company’s CCO, a creative mentor. Known as the sanitary industry encyclopedia, has 34 years of experience in sanitary ware industry, product design team and led him to the German IF award, the red dot award (the equivalent of Oscar), Red Star Award, kapok prize and other various domestic and international design awards. Recently, led the carpenter industrial design team won eight iF awards, breaking the record of building materials industry. At the same time, he is the first representative of the Chinese bathroom designers at the IF awards to speak of the master, is recognized by the kitchen experts, but also the National Ceramic Art and design masters.
In the afternoon of April 18th, the second session of the Chinese producing ceramic sanitary ware summit, Lin Jin teachers share design trends of sanitary products, sanitary products, foreign companies to technology patents to defend, and the sanitary materials research with ceramic tile industry how to connect etc..
Bathroom design trends
Luxurious, comfortable, green, the bathroom is now in addition to the living room, kitchen, as well as their own place to sleep outside of another space, the future trend of bathroom decoration luxury, more and more space. Followed by green buildings and green walls and green products, the future of environmentally friendly products more and more strict.
Personalized and create the possibility of self bathroom bathroom products customization is a trend in the future, according to your request from the color, size, and even features can be customized.
With the increase of the general design and the old and the elderly in China and around the world, in addition to the trend of caring for children, the trend of caring for vulnerable groups will become more and more obvious.
Unity of the elements of the future of China’s bathroom, with the United States and Europe as the beginning of the unity of elements, represented by dry and wet in Eastern Europe, the separation of foreign bathroom, dry and wet separation.
Metal stents in 2016 is particularly evident in the composite metal stent, industrial wind products have emerged, the emergence of pots and metal stents have been a large number of.
In previous years, only the top intelligent toilet some smart toilet, but this year, in the overseas exhibition, the emergence of a large number of intelligent toilet, many intelligent toilet from China essence, the future overall bathroom will appear, not long ago saw the whole kitchen, the refrigerator as the port began to do the smart cabinets, the prototype of intelligent signs of future the. Intelligent era is coming, we may now be aware of intelligent toilet smart, but in the near future, each enterprise in the study of intelligent products.
The future of intelligent toilet is also a port, and even the future will not have to sell smart toilet, collect the body data, and then sold to hospitals and insurance companies, smart toilet should be worth watching.
Storage space will be incorporated in the future and intelligence will be linked together, if the leak, there will be an alarm system linked together, and the price will not be expensive.
Bathroom product design trends
1 leading design trends
2 hardware design trends
3 bathroom cabinet design trends
4 basin design trends
5 bathtub design trends
6 toilet design trends
7 shower room design trends
8 shower design trends
Internet bathroom
Your Internet business
A few years ago a lot of sanitary enterprises to carry out the electricity supplier sales, only to sell things from the line to line, leading to the conflict of the interests of dealers in these sanitary enterprises business platform with the original line, finally ended in gloom;

IEEE调研报告解读网络信息安全关键技术

With more and more 80, 90 to become the main force of market consumption, their individual needs in turn promote product innovation;
Who can create a more functional, more appreciate the value of the product, who won the market’s first productive forces;
To use the mobile Internet, big data and cloud computing technology, now network platform as a virtual exhibition hall traditional sales terminals and the cashier at the same time, to create the next line store experience, customer service service, combining online and offline, the Internet to create a new retail business bathroom.
Your big data
Internet era, product development model from product oriented to user oriented;
Under the information age, the trend of Internet users, behavior habits and hobbies will be recorded, become the data of the internet;
Bathroom companies to use the Internet to understand the needs of consumers in the product design and research to capture the excitement of consumers, to create the ultimate user screaming products;

计算机安全问题日益严峻,施以经济手段刻不容缓

Beware of enterprises outside the bathroom industry into.
I believe the Internet of things, smart bathroom space
Give full consideration to the needs of users, providing water, sanitary ware, Xihu intelligent ecological overall solution, through the integration of interactive platform and various resources, meet the needs of users, make the bathroom cleaning more convenient, more wisdom, more healthy.
With the upgrading of technology and consumption upgrade, the ultimate, science and technology, experience, new materials, health concepts, human nature is becoming the goal of every bathroom brands and manufacturers to pursue. In the design, material, process, it will not be more than big difference, but in the design elements of products, in-depth understanding of user habits, psychological, situational lack of customer value, at the same time display, product story, customer feelings, product demands and other aspects have to be strengthened.
Long by two-dimensional code to me transfer
Affected by the new regulations of Apple Corp, WeChat iOS version of the feature is closed, can be transferred through the two-dimensional code to support public numbers.
The author of the article has set up the need to be able to leave a message
WeChat sweep attention to the public number

要定期检查微博账号的应用授权访问情况,在发现异常时,及时取消对不良应用的访问授权,以便清除不安隐患。

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不骗你!蜀黍这次抓获的黑客,那是真的“黑”

账号被盗?
黑客入侵?
EHS在线课程,让全体员工和其他相关方轻松理解并遵照执行EHS方针
网络盗窃防不胜防?
蜀黍来破案。

最安全的浏览器?黑客大赛微软Edge被破解5次夺下冠军

3月8日14时许,余杭警方接马某报案称:其公司邮箱被黑客侵入,黑客使用自己邮箱与美国客户的邮箱联系,致使美国客户将货款打入黑客提供的账户,损失约77000元美金。

女子晒男友军装照 军报:近亲属要有保密意识

△图片源自网络
接到报警后,余杭警方通过初步侦查发现,嫌疑人涉案资金分别在北京的一家银行和深圳的一家银行两地被取现。而深圳的那家银行因监控设备无当日录像,无法找到当日嫌疑人取款的证据。于是民警立即调整侦查方向,组成抓捕小组,连夜奔赴北京。通过侦查,两名外籍黑人进入了民警的视线,同时锁定了犯罪嫌疑人的落脚区域。
4月21日,抓捕小组在锁定的小区内蹲点守候时发现其中一名外籍黑人。嫌疑人发现民警后,如惊弓之鸟般落荒而逃,民警奋力猛追。在与嫌疑人追逐了整整10分钟后,终于将该名嫌疑人抓获。
通过对该名嫌疑人的审查,抓捕小组掌握了其同伙的落脚点,虽然体力还没完全缓过来,又继续奔赴另一嫌疑人的住处。然而对方大门紧闭,始终不开。此时,民警意识到嫌疑人可能在争取时间销毁证据,为了证据不被销毁,抓捕小组准备破门而入。而房内的嫌疑人也迫于压力主动打开了门,抓捕小组迅速控制了房内的两男一女,均为外籍黑人。民警在室外空调外机上和抽水马桶水箱内找到了被销毁的物证。经审查两名嫌疑人交代了犯罪事实,并连夜押送回杭。
现案件还在进一步侦办中。
蜀黍提示
应对网络盗窃,蜀黍给您提个醒:
1、倡导以德治网。大力加强网络伦理道德教育,提倡网络文明,培养人们明辨是非的能力,使其形成正确的道德观。
2、充分运用防火墙技术。该软件利用一组用户定义的规则来判断数据包的合法性,从而决定接受、丢弃或拒绝,可以通过报告、监控、报警和登录到网络逻辑链路等方式,把对网络和主机的冲突减少到最低限度。

保护个人信息须秉持“双阶层”判断标准

3、使用正版软件、下载正版程序。在机器安装正版程序,不使用盗版软件,在网络中下载使用正版合法的软件和程序,有效防止病毒和木马入侵。
4、增强防范意识。勿因好奇心点击、登录来路不明的网址,当收到广告信、电子邮件、插件等陌生信息时,不要被其文字吸引,而点选信中所提供的网址和文件。
5、涉及金钱交易的,在交易之前最好通过电话联系确认。
为警醒他人,请点赞转起!
(刑侦大队供稿)
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垃圾邮件僵尸网络、命令与控制服务器不断有被端掉,每次都令全球垃圾邮件量大降,不过这些僵尸网络集团不只一家,而且倒下的还会卷土重来,正义与邪恶的斗争仍将继续下去,无休无止。
互联网安全联盟从技术上拯救了中国海量的白痴用户,白痴用户需要傻瓜化的安全解决方案,但是要让这些白痴用户获得真正的安全保障,需要将他们从类似保姆似的安全保障中解放出来,让他们通过良好的教育聪明起来。

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Knowledge of education in April 20th fire safety and earthquake drill

为进一步加强消防安全工作和地震突发事件的避免,强化学校师生的安全意识,提高应对火灾地震事故处置和自救以及逃生的能力,更好的为家长和会员服务。正知教育兴庆府大院校区全体员工和学生们进行了消防安全知识和地震演练。
4月20日中午咱们中心学生在进行消防安全知识和地震演练:
在这次消防和地震演练过程中,学生们的自我保护意识非常强;在疏散过程中学生们非常有秩序的撤离,做到了不慌、不忙。
虽然这是一次演练,但是咱们中心的学生们表现的都特别好,她们每一个人都学会了自我保护,远离危险,面对突发事件时能冷静的处理学习一些自我保护的知识和方法,保护好自生安全。

强调实战操作 360推出网络安全攻防实训基地

老师们积极配合学校带学生进行演练:
演练结束后正知教育大家庭的领导人李校长给正知的全体员工和学生们普及关于消防知识和发生地震如何更好的自我保护的知识:
经过这次的消防安全演练和地震演练,让我们每个人都肩负起防火防震安全的责任,从思想上树立牢固的消防安全意识和地震发生时的自我保护意识。从我做起,从现在做起,构筑一道防火防震的钢铁长城,共同创造一个安全、稳定、和谐的学习、生活环境。同时也希望大家在学校、家庭都能成为一名合格的消防员,更要为在正知教育学习的孩子们维护一个安全安心的学习环境!
为了孩子们,正知教育的老师们永远全力以赴!!!
正知教育 银川市兴庆区正知教育培训中心,成立于2013年1月,旗下包括:乐兜国际儿童成长中心,为西北首家学科英语培训中心;葡萄籽儿童英语,专为非英语母语国家儿童研发的,目前最有效的英语课程;学识源托管中心,银川市最优越的硬件设施和先进的管理理念;另开设艺术类课程,古筝、吉他、钢琴、创意美术手工等,均由自治区顶级专业老师授课。
选择正知教育 选择广阔未来
正知教育请编辑“孩子姓名+年龄+电话号码”发送给我们预约免费公开课(针对非会员),我们的课程顾问老师会在第一时间和您联系。
教育者,不是灌满一桶水,而是燃起智慧之火!
Education is not the filling of a pail but the lighting of a fire.
欢迎您与我们共同感受正知教育的美好
如果您喜欢这里,请分享给您身边的朋友吧!
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In order to further strengthen the fire safety work and avoid earthquake emergencies, strengthening the safety consciousness of teachers and students, improve the response to earthquake fire accident disposal and self rescue and escape ability, better for parents and members of the service. It is known that all the staff and students of the Xingqing campus of the school have carried out fire safety knowledge and earthquake drill.
At noon on April 20th, our students in the center for fire safety knowledge and earthquake drills:
In the process of fire and earthquake drills, the students are very strong sense of self-protection; in the evacuation process, the students are very orderly evacuation, do not panic, not busy.
Although this is a drill, but the students we center’s performance is very good, everyone of them had learned to protect themselves from danger, can calm processing learn some knowledge and methods to protect themselves when faced with unexpected events, to protect the safety of self.
Teachers actively cooperate with the school students to carry out drills:
At the end of the exercise, it is known that the president of the education family, Lee, is spreading knowledge about fire prevention knowledge and how to better protect the earthquake:
After the fire safety drills and earthquake drills, so that each of us shoulder the responsibility of fire prevention and security, from the ideological to establish a strong sense of fire safety and self-protection awareness when the earthquake occurs. Start from me, from now on, to build a fire and shock prevention of iron and steel the Great Wall, together to create a safe, stable and harmonious learning and living environment. At the same time also hope that everyone in the school, the family can become a qualified firefighters, but also for the children who are learning to maintain a safe and secure learning environment!
未来的企业安全重点在大数据分析
For children, teachers who are aware of education will always go all out!!!
Is that Yinchuan city is Xingqing district education knowledge education and training center, founded in January 2013, which included: leapingtots International Child Development Center, as the first subject English Training Center; grape seed children English, developed specifically for children of non English speaking countries, the most effective English course; learning source hosting centers, the most excellent hardware facilities and advanced management concept of Yinchuan city; the other opened art courses, guzheng, guitar, piano, creative art crafts, were taught by the top professional teachers autonomous region.
Choose the right knowledge to choose the future
Is aware of education, please edit the name and age of the child number sent to us for a free open class (for non members), our course consultant will contact you at the first time.
An educator, not a pail of water, but a fire of wisdom!
Education is not filling a pail the lighting of but a the of fire.
云计算的发展还面临诸多挑战。首先是信息安全和隐私保护问题。它涉及三个层面:云计算服务用户数据和应用的安全、云计算服务平台自身安全和云计算平台提供服务的滥用。
Welcome you to join us to feel the beauty of Education
If you like it, please share it with your friends!
Long by two-dimensional code to me transfer
Affected by the new regulations of Apple Corp, WeChat iOS version of the feature is closed, can be transferred through the two-dimensional code to support public numbers.

[盘锦]市公路管理处强化信息网络安全管理
2017年云商业智能的现状

The author of the article has set up the need to be able to leave a message
WeChat sweep attention to the public number

为了获得更好的安全宣贯效果,我们开发了信息安全宣传手册,它使用朗朗上口的语句,配以形象生动的漫画,深入浅出地告诉我们的员工,什么是信息安全,为什么要信息安全,信息安全认识误区,严禁的信息安全行为等等。

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New energy bus intelligent management operations and security seminars Sharon invites you to work together to seek common development of the industry!

活 动 背 景新能源汽车作为我国汽车工业的两大战略发展方向之一,得到了国家大力支持,一大批利好政策先后出台,新能源汽车产业尤其是新能源汽车在公共交通、客运、货运等商用车领域的应用,如火如荼的发展。随着国家对新能源汽车补贴政策的变动及其他不确定因素的影响,新能源汽车营运急需自身造血,既充满机遇,也面临挑战。公交、出租、公务、旅游等领域的新能源汽车如何更好的进行智慧管理和运营,进而形成互利共赢的产业生态圈,亟需行业内的专家、企业共同探讨研究。因此,学习行业先进经验,交流和促成共性问题的解决,汇聚智慧共同推动产业有序发展变得更有意义。
新能源客车智慧管理运营及安全防范
研讨沙龙
组 织 机 构主办单位:深圳市智慧交通产业促进会
新能源巴士联盟

沙区荣获中国智慧城市最佳管理实践奖

《智慧交通》杂志社
协办单位:海王传媒
活动时间及地点活动时间:2017年4月27日下午14:00-17:30
活动地点:深圳南山区中国储能大厦18楼
活 动 主 题防范安全、高效运营,打造智慧生态圈

2016信息安全意识最佳实践专题沙龙荟在长沙召开

欧美跨国公司常用的EHS培训方法
活 动 安 排环节一:参会企业自由交流;
环节二:行业内大咖经验分享;
环节三:互动交流。
交流议题构建新能源客车行业生态圈
新能源客车智慧运营模式探讨
新能源汽车的安全防范
报名方式关注“深圳市智慧交通产业促进会微信公众号”:szitia,或长按识别以下二维码关注,回复“新能源沙龙+单位名称+姓名+职务+手机号”(规模30人,报满为止)
联系我们深圳市智慧交通产业促进会

联系电话:0755-83126292
电子邮箱:[email protected]
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Background of new energy vehicles as one of the two strategic direction of the development of China’s automobile industry, strongly supported by the state, a large number of favorable policies have been introduced, the new energy automotive industry especially the new energy vehicles in the field of public transport, passenger transport, freight and other commercial vehicles should be used, the development like a raging fire. With the country’s new energy vehicle subsidy policy changes and other uncertainties, the new energy vehicle operations in urgent need of their own blood, both full of opportunities and challenges. New energy vehicles, bus rental, business, tourism and other fields of how to better carry out the wisdom of management and operation of industrial ecosystem and the formation of mutual benefit and win-win, to discuss research experts, enterprises need in the industry. Therefore, the study of advanced experience in the industry, communication and common problems to solve the convergence of wisdom to jointly promote the orderly development of the industry has become more meaningful.
New energy bus intelligent management and safety precautions
Seminar Salon
Organizer: Shenzhen Intelligent Transportation Industry Association
New Energy Bus Alliance
Journal of Intelligent Transportation
Co organizer: Neptune media
Activity time and place activity time: April 27, 2017 at 14:00-17:30 PM
Location: Nanshan District, China energy storage building, building 18, Shenzhen
Activities to prevent safe and efficient operation of the theme, to create an ecosystem of wisdom
One of the activities of the arrangements for the first meeting: free exchange of participants;
Link two: big coffee industry experience sharing;
Part three: interactive communication.

高斯贝尔:内幕信息保密制度(2017年4月)

云计算的攻击主要针对服务器端和用户端,云平台和应用的厂家可以在服务器端做许多安全控制措施,用户端则需相应的终端安全方案,配以足够的安全培训。
Communication issues to build new energy bus industry ecosystem
Discussion on intelligent operation mode of new energy bus
Safety precautions for new energy vehicles
Pay attention to the registration of intelligent transportation industry in Shenzhen will promote WeChat public number: szitia, or press the identification following QR code concerns, reply to the new energy salon unit name name position mobile phone number (the size of 30 people, reported to date)
Contact us Shenzhen smart Transportation Industry Promotion Association
Tel: 0755-83126292
E-mail: [email protected]
Long by two-dimensional code to me transfer
Affected by the new regulations of Apple Corp, WeChat iOS version of the feature is closed, can be transferred through the two-dimensional code to support public numbers.
The author of the article has set up the need to be able to leave a message
WeChat sweep attention to the public number

黑客入侵多家高校网站,知名高校被黑彰显教育行业的信息安全力量薄弱。

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中大控股与中远海运特运签署高端产业孵化器基地战略合作框架协…
大批组织尝试使用“网络安全挑战赛”来吸引和刺激员工对信息安全的关注。

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法国杜盖酒店管理学院师生到我校交流学习

软件厂商如微软等从未通过电子邮件发送补丁或更新,而且没有例外情形。记住这一点,你才不会成为软件补丁骗局的受害者。如果收到这些诈骗邮件,请及时通知您的安全紧急事件响应团队,他们会采取相应的措施。

双峰县水利局赴石林村助力新农村建设

4月11日,法国杜盖酒店管理学院师生一行12人按计划来我交流学习。交流学习期间,法国师生主要在烹饪与食品实验管理中心学习中国川菜文化,经典川菜预处理与烹制、中餐盘饰工艺等餐饮文化、烹饪技能,并与我校师生广泛进行专业交流。
为了做好此次外事交流工作,对外合作与交流处精心安排组织、紧密跟进,烹饪与食品实验管理中心充分准备,制定详细授课计划,合理架构教学师资,强化综合安全与服务工作,全力保障法国师生交流学习的顺利开展。
法国杜盖酒店管理学院师生在烹饪与食品实验管理中心学习交流期间,由学校外国语学院法语专业的同学进行相关翻译工作。为了更好的促进我校烹饪与食品类专业学生与法国师生的交流,烹饪与食品实验管理中心引入融合式学习机制,由烹饪学院、食品学院和酒店管理学院分别安排部分在校学生融入课堂教学,互动学习,鼓励学生主动与法国师生进行深入学习交流,同时又加强自身专业学习,助力专业教学。
四川旅游学院新媒体中心
信息来源:校园网
二次编辑:江予琪

打击“黄牛”,长沙不动产登记实名预约(一):凌晨5点排队拿号办证 …

审稿:马瑞琦 刘序

【廉环话】漫谈信息安全设计与治理之渗透测试报告

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网络安全意识电信诈骗防范
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被悬赏而发掘出来的漏洞不是通过通用的商业扫描软件就能评估出来的,能从大型网站中发现高危漏洞的牛人们不多,虽然这点钱对于厂家来说只是九牛一毛,可却能让黑客新手们眼馋。

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iPhone 8延迟上市的罪魁祸首:居然是它!

投资公司Cowen and Co分析师蒂莫西·阿库里(Timothy Arcuri)今日在一份报告中称,导致iPhone 8延迟上市的罪魁祸首是Touch ID指纹传感器。阿库里在致投资者的一份研究报告中称:“对于5.8英寸的OLED版iPhone 8,其最大瓶颈是将Touch ID指纹传感器整合到屏幕中。苹果自家的AuthenTec解决方案效率依旧较低,而苹果又不愿意使用其他厂商的产品。”

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阿库里在报告中称,如果苹果不能解决这些问题,那么有三个选项:1)放弃Touch ID,完全依赖于面部识别。但阿库里认为,该选项的可能性较低。2)苹果可以将Touch ID转移到手机背面,但阿库里认为,这样做的用户体验欠佳。3)推迟iPhone8量产,但与“iPhone 7s”系列同期发布。
阿库里的消息与台湾地区媒体的报道相一致。台湾《 经济日报》( Economic Daily News)上周曾报道称,iPhone 8很可能推迟到10月,甚至是11月上市。
《 经济日报》称,主要是一些“技术问题”导致iPhone 8延迟上市。例如,曲面OLED面板的层压工艺仍需要完善,以及采用3D传感前置摄像头所带来的一些技术挑战。
当时就有分析人士称,即使iPhone 8真的要等到10月或11月才能上市,那么也不排除苹果仍在9月发布iPhone 8的可能,只不过消费者要等待更长的时间。

罗湖消防真给力!上万幅海报加”保姆式”服务 让居民消除安全隐患

业界普遍认为,苹果今年将发布三款新手机,其中两款是当前的iPhone 7和iPhone 7 Plus的升级产品,而另一款高端产品(iPhone 8)为“iPhone十周年”献礼产品。
内容源自网络,如有侵权烦请告知,小编将及时处理!

“备”字当前促安全生产

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携带您自己的设备BYOD进入工作区域,确实会带来一些好处,不过同时也加大了安全风险,在工作场所设备丢失,公司机密数据从私人设备中外泄,都算谁的责任呢?
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垃圾虫们转向社交网络,黑客也开始利用社交系统,我们需要多层防御,更多应该提升人们的信息安全防范意识。

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员工安全培训呼唤参与式学习