【调查研究】农信信息安全等级保护的难点与对策 ——以浙江为例

门户网站出现有毒链接的可能性也是有的,所以不能迷信基于网站安全信誉的评估机制,基础的安全技术防范如客户端防病毒还是必需的:
医疗行业数据安全漫谈
应该在现有安全框架的基础上,按照“加强保边护界、保护核心数据安全”的指导思想,对信息安全进行分级管理,并按不同标准进行建设、管理和监督

中小企业IT手册 四种方式提升云安全
代表、委员热议舌尖上的安全加强网络订餐监管

加强信息安全保障工作,实行信息安全等级保护,是从根本上解决信息安全问题的治本之道。如何打造银行业尤其是基于二级法人体制的农村合作金融机构的信息安全等级保护平台,是农村中小金融机构加强信息安全保障工作面临的首要课题。
信息安全等级保护工作的难点
浙江省农村合作金融系统于2008年完成了全省的数据大集中,由浙江省联社负责建设与运维重要信息系统及相应的数据系统,2009年开始陆续完成包括核心业务系统在内的209个重要信息系统(其中包括6个三级系统、203个二级系统)每年的定级、测评与改进工作,基本涵盖了重要业务及网络系统。但是,信息安全等级保护工作中仍然存在一些难点。
两级法人体制,信息系统建设“统分结合”。两级法人体制是浙江农信系统信息科技治理的首要前提,因此信息科技建设采取了“统分结合”的模式,即绝大多数信息系统由省联社统一建设、部署和运维,行社的特色业务系统(如中间业务、经管类系统、门户网站等)由行社报备后自行建设与管理。这就要求浙江农信开展信息安全等级保护工作要充分考虑“统分结合”的特点,既要有全局视野,也要把握细节,准确识别出省县两级不同系统的保护要求和实施重点。
机构网点多,信息安全等级保护任务艰巨。浙江农信共有81家农信社、农村合作银行、农村商业银行,是浙江全省银行业存贷款规模第一的大系统。要在较短时间内切实有效地开展全省农信系统的信息安全等级保护工作,按期完成保护定级、测评与整改等,并兼顾二级法人的特点通过等级保护提升信息安全管理水平,工作任务非常繁重。
行社自主发展,信息科技管理水平差异较大。随着信息化的水平日益提升,信息科技发展日益依赖有效的信息安全管理。鉴于两级法人体制的特殊性及有限的省联社资源,必须鼓励行社发挥主观能动性,在省联社的指导下自主发展信息科技。但目前看来,基层行社的信息科技建设与安全管理水平参差不齐。
信息化建设起步迟,信息安全管理水平较低。浙江农信是在2005年省联社成立后才真正开始集中开展大规模的信息科技建设,走的是先建设系统、再健全系统的路子。虽然目前的系统数量已经赶上国内银行的普遍水平,可基本满足业务发展的需求,但是依然存在业务系统多管理系统少、重系统建设轻科技管理、重科技发展轻科技安全等问题,信息安全管理水平与国内先进银行仍有较大差距。

浙江农信信息安全等级保护工作的创新实践
合理分工,省县两级协同开展信息系统安全等级保护工作。一是统一招标。省联社通过统一招标、入围选型的模式,为基层行社筛选了资质与服务良好的等级保护测评服务商,明确测评范围、测评模式、测评内容和测评价格等。二是统一定级。发布《浙江农信重要信息系统安全等级保护定级工作指导意见》,明确省县两级信息安全等级保护工作的范围与职责。三是统一制订测评工作方案。根据信息系统安全等级保护工作的总体进度要求与行社的实际情况,明确测评实施内容、测评各阶段的任务和时间节点要求等。
分头推进,多地共同开展信息系统安全等级保护测评工作。浙江省联社通过统一招标、入围选型选择了三个测评服务商,根据行社实际情况,制订信息系统等级保护与测评工作计划,要求服务商与行社紧密配合,在全省范围内同时启动等级保护定级测评。
重视体系,加强信息安全管理的手段与方法。浙江省联社已经获得了ISO20000和ISO27001资质认证,初步建立健全了信息安全管理体系,为信息系统安全等级保护测评工作夯实了基础。浙江省联社向全省各行社发布了《信息安全管理办法》,旨在提升省县两级的信息安全管理水平。
推进信息系统安全等级保护工作的建议
科学合理定级,对信息安全进行分级管理。按照国家信息安全等级保护的相关要求对信息系统进行定级,并从信息安全等级保护的角度,对信息安全体系进行划分。金融行业目前的信息安全重点是重要信息系统的业务连续性、业务工作责任的不可否认性、业务数据和信息的真实完整性、涉及国家秘密和行业敏感信息的保密性等,应该在现有安全框架的基础上,按照“加强保边护界、保护核心数据安全”的指导思想,对信息安全进行分级管理,并按不同标准进行建设、管理和监督。
强化体系建设,提高综合管理能力。要制订全面的银行业务规程和安全规范,根据业务和技术发展的情况及时修订完善,确保及时发现并处理系统运行中出现的各种问题;要建立完善内部控制机制,科学分配业务各环节的权限,构建业务流程与权限相互制约的体系,建立严格的授权和保密制度,加强对信息系统从业人员的监控;加强对制度执行到位情况的监督,提高信息安全防范水平,消除安全隐患。
加强运维管理,提升业务连续性。通过加强运维管理,建立操作标准化、流程规范化、工具自动化和组织体系化的主动式运维管理体系,切实提升业务的连续性。一是形成规范化的运维组织模型和技能体系,建立日常运维和操作管理的一整套标准操作规程,落地和优化运维管理流程和管理制度,完善事件应急管理和灾难恢复体系,实现对信息系统运维风险的有效防范和对信息安全事件的主动、及时响应。二是提高日志分析能力,定期评估系统各组成部分的处理能力,优化技术资源配置,降低信息安全事件的发生机率。三是加强运维监控系统建设,以比用户更早发现问题为目标,加强和服务商的合作,定期梳理和评估潜在风险,不断增加主动发现风险和排查故障的技术措施,为快速响应和处置各类信息安全事件打下基础。四是通过人才培养体系进行知识传承,提高企业竞争力。五是加大信息技术部门与电子银行、监察稽核、合规风控等部门的联动力度,从业务、技术、管理和监督等多个角度强化信息安全的工作力度。(作者:浙江省联社科技信息处杨纲、陶侃,来源:《中国农村金融》2017年第1期)

3·15再谈信息安全 公众意识有待加强

美编:王玺
转自:中国农村金融杂志
微信扫一扫关注该公众号

针对任何创新的技术应用,推荐的做法是先进行风险评估,然后提供风险消除或降低措施。而从多安全控制措施中,加强安全意识培训最为成效,因为最终的问题都是人员的问题。

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市食品药品监管局关于印发《上海市食品药品监督管理局2017年食品药品安全信用体系建设工作要点》的通知
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上海市食品药品监督管理局关于印发《上海市食品药品监督管理局2017年食品药品安全信用体系建设工作要点》的通知
各区市场监管局,市局机关各处室、各直属单位:
为全面推进上海市食品药品安全信用体系建设工作,营造守信受益、失信惩戒、诚信自律的良好社会氛围,强化食品、药品、医疗器械、化妆品监督管理,根据国家和本市相关规定及要求,我局制定了《上海市食品药品监督管理局2017年食品药品安全信用体系建设工作要点》,现印发给你们,请贯彻执行。
上海市食品药品监督管理局
2017年3月20日
上海市食品药品监督管理局2017年食品药品安全信用体系建设工作要点
为全面推进上海市食品药品安全信用体系建设工作,营造守信受益、失信惩戒、诚信自律的良好社会氛围,根据国家食药监总局、上海市委和市政府的工作要求,我局积极贯彻实施国务院《社会信用体系建设规划纲要(2014—2020年)》、《国务院关于加强政务诚信建设的指导意见》、《食品药品监管总局关于推进食品药品安全信用体系建设的指导意见》、《上海市社会信用体系建设“十三五”规划》、《上海市食品药品安全“十三五”规划》、《上海市食品安全条例》等,严格按照“四个最严”和“四有两责”的要求,全面推进食品药品安全信用体系建设,努力提升行政监管效能,着力构建食品药品安全预防保障体系。现将我局2017年食品药品安全信用体系建设工作要点规定如下。
一、全面推进本市信用平台应用工作,加大食品药品安全领域信用信息的输入输出与联合惩戒。2017年,本市各级食品药品监管部门应积极推进食品药品生产经营单位“一户一档”信用档案与信用信息库的建立健全。依托本市已建立的“上海市公共信用信息服务平台”、“法人库”和“实有人口库”,不断强化食品药品领域的信用信息输入输出与联合惩戒,着力推进行政监督检查与行政处罚信息公开力度。市局将着力修订完善食品药品监管领域对接的“数据清单”、“行为清单”和“应用清单”目录,强化我局与市公共信用信息服务平台间的信用信息共享。进一步推进食品药品生产经营单位“一户一档”信用档案平台建立完善,增设黑名单信息查询系统、信用评估报告查询等功能。推进修订实施《上海市食品药品生产经营单位食品药品安全信用信息管理规定》,积极开展本市信用信息平台应用工作。加强对食品药品行政监管中查询和使用本市信用平台信息的监督考核,逐步探索食品药品生产经营企业信用评估报告在监管工作中的使用机制。根据国家食药监总局的指导意见,加快食品药品安全信用信息的共享管理,加强信用信息公开与信息发布审核机制,充分发挥信用联合奖惩机制作用。
二、着力加强食品药品生产经营质量信用分级分类监管制度的建立健全和贯彻实施,落实企业主体责任。2017年,我局将加强食品药品生产经营质量信用分级分类监管制度的建立健全和组织推进,各区市场监管局应做好实施工作。一是制定《上海市食品生产企业信用管理及风险分类分级管理办法》,继续贯彻实施《上海市医疗器械生产企业质量信用分级管理办法》、《关于进一步规范本市餐饮服务食品安全监督量化分级管理工作的通知》,研究制修订本市食品经营、药品生产经营单位信用等级评定和分类监管制度,积极推进本市食品药品安全信用分级分类监管,督促企业履行食品药品安全信用建设主体责任。二是通过各类监管工作会议继续推进食品药品领域的信用分级监管制度的宣贯和实施。三是加强信用信息共享,完善食品药品安全信用信息管理机制,着力研究将食品药品生产经营单位信用等级评定信息提供给本市“公共信用信息平台”和“法人库”,加强社会联合奖惩。
三、全面推进食品药品信息追溯管理,积极贯彻实施《上海市食品安全条例》、《上海市食品安全信息追溯管理办法》。根据《中共中央关于全面深化改革若干重大问题的决定》,本市应建立最严格的覆盖全过程的监管制度,建立食品药品可追溯制度和质量标识制度,保障食品药品安全。一是推进实施《上海市食品安全条例》、《上海市食品安全信息追溯管理办法》,落实企业信用主体责任,加强食品安全信用体系保障。二是继续推进本市药品实时监控平台的运行管理,强化本市药品流通领域的信息追溯管理,确保问题产品及时可追溯,着力预防和控制药品质量安全风险,排除隐患。
信息安全专业人士要从人员、流程、组织和技术层面考虑信息安全业务模型,方可将安全项目与业务战略结合起来。
四、积极推进药品生产企业第三方信用评价和食品药品高风险领域信用负面清单试点工作,发挥行业协会的组织引领作用,着力强化行业自律。一是鼓励协会建立信用分级标准和评价工作。进一步支持食品药品行业协会推进本行业食品药品生产经营者信用评价标准的建立和信用评估报告使用。结合国家食药监总局和本市公共信用信息平台应用试点,推进本市食品流通企业、药品生产企业信用等级评价工作。二是建立重点监管品种生产经营者信用评估报告的使用机制。根据市公共信用信息服务平台的数据清单、行为清单、应用清单,引入第三方资信评估机构,研究建立重点监管品种生产经营者的社会信用负面清单评估标准体系和信用分类评估报告使用,积极推进市信用平台应用试点工作。
五、大力加强食品药品“黑名单”制度的贯彻实施和信息公开。积极贯彻落实《上海市食品安全条例》,着力推进实施《上海市食品药品严重违法生产经营者与相关责任人员重点监管名单管理办法》,强化联合惩戒和责任落实机制。定期将纳入行政重点监管“黑名单”制度管理的严重违法食品药品研发生产经营企业和有关责任人员名单发送市公共信用信息平台与本市事中事后监管平台,实现联合惩戒,并通过市局政务网站(www.shfda.gov.cn)等载体予以公开,接受社会监督。
六、积极加强与相关部门的合作,继续推进质量不合格药品招标采购“一票否决制”。2017年,我局将继续推进和实施《上海市食品药品监督管理局药品质量信息报送管理办法》,加强与市药招办成员单位的联系,坚持实行招标采购“一票否决制”,对于假药和两次抽检结果不合格被判定为劣药的,重点加强监管,并依照《抽验不合格中标药品处理办法》的规定,由市药招办取消该药品生产企业两年内参加本市医疗机构药品集中采购活动的资格。
七、落实基层责任,强化建立健全“一户一档”信用档案,积极支持区政府信用平台试点工作,强化基层食品药品信用体系建设。结合机构改革和区市场监管部门食品药品监管职能调整,明确基层监管所食品药品安全信用体系建设的职责,健全完善辖区内食品药品生产经营企业“一户一档”信用档案,将食品药品违法违规生产经营行为等失信信息及时纳入相对人的监管档案。全面落实《上海市食品安全条例》、《关于加强本市食品药品安全网格化管理工作的实施意见》,通过网格化平台和联勤联动机制,归集其他职能部门和街镇政府发现的食品药品生产经营失信信息,根据行政管理相对人的信用等级情况,加强事中事后监管。纳入2017年市信用平台子平台试点、市信用平台服务窗口试点的区市场监管局应积极支持和参与区人民政府开展的信用平台试点工作。
八、积极推进食品药品信用体系建设工作的区域信息化合作与共享。2017年,我局将进一步扩大联合惩戒面,加强与外省市的合作,扩大惩治效果和范围。一是发挥长三角合作与发展食品安全专题组作用,在食品监管方面与江、浙、皖三省的食安办探索开展联合征信,共同推动食品企业诚信管理体系建设工作。二是在稽查工作中,继续与华东地区各省市加强“71”食品药品稽查联防协作机制,严厉打击食品药品违法犯罪行为。三是探索互联网食品药品经营活动信用监管机制与区域信息化合作。(责任单位:协调处、稽查处、科技信息处、食品餐饮处、药品监管处、药械流通处,配合单位:食品相关处室、局信息中心)
九、深入开展食品药品诚信宣传活动。2017年,我局和各区市场监管局应进一步加强与新闻媒体的沟通交流,积极开展食品药品诚信宣传活动,让公众更多的了解我局政务外网、“上海食药监”、“上海食药监科技与信息”微信公众平台,不断普及食品药品安全质量信用体系建设相关知识。鼓励行业协会推动本行业信用文化建设,在食品药品生产经营企业中倡导开展“信用示范”创建和教育宣传活动,促进提升食品药品生产经营者质量意识和诚信意识。通过深入开展诚信宣传活动,切实提高公众饮食用药安全知识知晓率和自我保护能力,营造公众关心、支持、参与食品药品安全工作的良好社会氛围,实现社会共治。
十、积极推进系统内公务员诚信建设。根据上海市公务员诚信建设推进工作的有关精神,2017年上海市食药监局和各区市场监管局应继续积极推进系统内公务员诚信建设。深入开展公务员职业道德建设和诚信专题教育培训,组织践行食品药品监管系统干部职工行为规范,积极探索建立食品药品监管系统公务员诚信档案,着重归集公务员基本信息、个人重大事项申报、廉政记录、工作记录、日常和年度考核结果、相关违法违纪违约行为等信息,逐步与市公共信用信息平台联动共享,并将诚信记录与干部考核、选拔任用和评先争优相结合。
十一、加强信用体系建设的组织领导,建立例会制度。市食药监局和区市场监管局将继续加强对食品药品安全信用体系建设工作的组织领导,完善工作领导小组。建立季度工作例会制度,深化信用体系建设工作研究,抓好落实。加强食品药品信用体系建设宣传培训,营造良好的工作氛围。
十二、建立信息报送机制,加强督查考核。各级食品药品监管部门要建立工作进展信息报送制度,各区市场监管局每半年应将本辖区食品药品安全信用体系建设工作开展情况报送市局信用体系建设工作领导小组办公室。市局将把各区食品药品安全信用体系建设工作情况纳入年度绩效考核,并定期进行通报。
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Notice of the food and Drug Administration of the people’s Republic of China on printing and distributing the key points for the construction of the food and drug safety credit system of the Shanghai food and Drug Administration in 2017
Shanghai food and drug inspection letter 2017 No. 47
Notice of the Shanghai Municipal Food and Drug Administration on printing and distributing the key points of the construction of food and drug safety credit system of Shanghai food and Drug Administration in 2017

黑莓BlackBerry 10.3.3系统更新被指引发手机问题
专家来支招:海外留学要加强安全意识 "三种能力"不可少

The market supervision bureau, bureau of the offices, directly under the unit:
【兴业计算机袁煜明团队】超图软件点评:并购上海数慧,大数据业…
In order to comprehensively promote the Shanghai Municipal Food and drug safety credit system construction work, to create a good social atmosphere of trustworthy benefit promises discipline, honesty and self-discipline, strengthen the food, medicines, cosmetics, medical equipment supervision and management, according to the state and the relevant provisions of the city and the requirements of this bureau established the Shanghai Municipal Food and Drug Administration in 2017, the food and drug safety credit system construction work points, which are hereby issued to you, please implement.
Shanghai food and Drug Administration
March 20, 2017
Shanghai food and Drug Administration in 2017 food and drug safety credit system construction

寄递协议服务安全管理办法将施行:确保用户信息安全

In order to comprehensively promote the Shanghai Municipal Food and drug safety credit system construction work, to create a good social atmosphere of trustworthy benefit promises discipline, honesty and self-discipline, according to the State Food and drug administration, Shanghai municipal Party committee and municipal government work requirements, I Bureau to actively implement the State Council social credit system construction plan (2014 – 2020), the State Council on strengthening the construction of government credit guidance, food and Drug Administration on the promotion of food and drug safety credit system construction of the guidance, Shanghai City, the construction of social credit system in the 13th Five-Year plan, Shanghai city food and drug safety 13th Five-Year plan, Shanghai food safety regulations, in strict accordance with the the four most and four two responsibility requirements, and comprehensively promote the construction of food and drug safety credit system, to Enhance the effectiveness of administrative supervision, and strive to build food and drug safety prevention and protection system. Now my bureau of food and drug safety credit system construction work in 2017 as follows.
First, comprehensively promote the city’s credit platform applications, increase food and drug safety in the field of credit information input and output and joint disciplinary. 2017, the city’s food and drug regulatory departments at all levels should actively promote the production and operation of food and drug production unit, a file a credit file and credit information database to establish a sound. Relying on the city has established Shanghai city public credit information service platform, legal base and actual population database, continue to strengthen the credit information input and output in the field of food and drug and joint discipline, efforts to promote the administrative supervision and administrative penalty information disclosure. The Council will focus on revising and improving the food and drug regulatory domain docking list and the action list and Application List directory, strengthen my bureau and the city public credit information service platform of credit information sharing. Further promote the production and operation of food and drug units, a file a credit file platform to establish a sound, the addition of blacklist information query system, credit rating report query and other functions. Promote the revision of the implementation of the Shanghai food and drug production and operation of food and drug safety credit information management regulations, and actively carry out the work of the city’s credit information platform. To strengthen the supervision and inspection of food and drug administration supervision and use of the city’s credit platform information, and gradually explore the use of food and drug production and operation of enterprise credit assessment report in the regulatory mechanism. According to the guidance of the State Food and drug administration, to accelerate the sharing of food and drug safety credit information management, strengthen credit information disclosure and information release audit mechanism, give full play to the role of credit mechanism.
Two, efforts to strengthen the production and operation of food and drug quality credit classification supervision system to establish and improve the implementation of the implementation of the main responsibility of the enterprise. 2017, I will strengthen the food and drug production and operation of the quality of credit classification supervision system to establish and improve the organization and promote the district market authority should do a good job. One is to establish the measures management of Shanghai city food production enterprise credit management and risk classification, continue to implement the Shanghai medical equipment production enterprise quality credit classification management approach, on further standardize the city’s food safety supervision and quantitative classification management work notice, on the revision of the city management, food and drug production and business units of credit rating and classification of supervision system, and actively promote the city food and drug safety credit classification supervision, and urge enterprises to fulfill the main responsibility for the construction of the food and drug safety credit. Two is the implementation and the implementation by various regulatory work conference to promote the credit classification supervision system in the field of food and drug. The three is to strengthen the credit information sharing, improve food and drug safety credit information management system, focus on the food and drug production and business units of credit rating information to the city public credit information platform and legal base , strengthen the social joint punishment.
Three, comprehensively promote the traceability of food and drug information management, and actively implement the Shanghai food safety regulations, Shanghai food safety information traceability management approach. According to the decision of the CPC Central Committee on deepening reform of the overall number of major issues, the city should establish the most stringent regulatory system covering the whole process, the establishment of food and drug traceability system and quality labeling system, ensure food and drug safety. First, to promote the implementation of the Shanghai food safety regulations, Shanghai food safety information traceability management approach, the implementation of the main responsibility for corporate credit, strengthen food safety credit system protection. The two is the operation and management of the real-time monitoring platform of the city to promote the drug, traceability information management to strengthen drug circulation in the city, to ensure timely product traceability, efforts to prevent and control the risk of drug quality and safety, eliminate hidden dangers.

Four, actively promote the production of pharmaceutical enterprises and the third party credit evaluation of the field of food and drug high-risk negative list of credit pilot work, to play the leading role of industry associations, efforts to strengthen industry self-regulation. First, to encourage the establishment of credit rating standards and evaluation. Further support the association of food and drug industry to promote the establishment of credit evaluation standards for food and drug producers and operators in the industry and the use of credit assessment report. Combined with the State Food and Drug Administration and the city public credit information platform for the application of the pilot to promote the city’s food distribution companies, pharmaceutical production enterprises credit rating. The two is to establish the use mechanism of the credit evaluation report of the key supervision and production operators. According to city public credit information service platform data list, behavior list, application list, the introduction of third party credit evaluation institutions, establishment of supervision production operators focus on species of social credit system and credit evaluation standard negative list classification assessment report, and actively promote the credit platform application pilot work.
Five, vigorously strengthen the implementation of food and drug blacklist system and information disclosure. Actively implement the Shanghai food safety regulations, efforts to promote the implementation of the Shanghai Municipal Food and drug serious illegal production operators and related responsible persons list of key regulatory management measures, and strengthen the joint disciplinary responsibility implementation mechanism. Time will be included in the serious violations of food and drug research and development production enterprises administrative supervision key blacklist system management and the relevant responsible personnel list to send public credit information platform and the matter in the post regulatory platform, implementation of joint discipline, and through the bureau government website (www.shfda.gov.cn) as carrier to the public, accept social supervision.
Six, and actively strengthen cooperation with relevant departments, and continue to promote the quality of substandard drugs procurement bidding. In 2017, my administration will continue to promote and implement the Shanghai Municipal Food and drug administration information submitted to the drug quality management measures, and strengthen the city Zhaoban medicine unit members contact, adhere to the bidding one vote veto system, with drugs and two sampling results were judged to be substandard medicines of inferior quality, strengthen supervision. And in accordance with the provisions of the unqualified drug approach, the pharmaceutical production enterprises within two years in medical institutions in the city centralized procurement qualification cancelled by city Zhaoban medicine.
Seven, the implementation of grassroots responsibility to strengthen the establishment of a sound one family file credit files, and actively support the district government credit platform pilot work to strengthen the grassroots food and drug credit system construction. According to the food and drug supervision function adjustment mechanism reform and market supervision department, clear supervision of the grassroots food and drug safety credit system construction of duty, improve the area of food and drug production enterprises a file credit file, the food and drug illegal production and management behavior of dishonest information timely into the relative person’s supervision archives. The full implementation of the Shanghai food safety regulations, on the strengthening of the city’s food and drug safety grid management advice, through the grid platform and the joint logistics linkage mechanism, collection and other functional departments and street town government found the food and drug production and operation of credit information, according to the relative administrative credit rating. Strengthen supervision. Into the 2017 platform for the city’s credit platform pilot, the city credit platform service window pilot district market authority should actively support and participate in the District People’s government to carry out the credit platform pilot work.
Eight, actively promote the regional cooperation and sharing of food and drug credit system construction. 2017, my bureau will further expand the Joint Disciplinary surface, strengthen cooperation with other provinces and cities to expand the effectiveness and scope of punishment. One is to play the Yangtze River Delta cooperation and development of food safety special action group, in the food supervision and Jiangsu, Zhejiang and Anhui provinces of the food safety office to carry out exploration joint credit, to jointly promote the construction of credit management system of food enterprises. Two is in the audit work, continue to strengthen the East China provinces and cities, 71 food and drug inspection cooperation mechanism, crack down on food and drug crimes. Three is to explore the Internet food and drug business credit regulatory mechanism and regional information cooperation. (responsible unit: coordination office, inspection department, information department, technology department, food drug supervision department, medical device circulation, information center with unit: food related offices, bureau)
Nine, carry out food and drug integrity propaganda activities. In 2017, my bureau and district market authority should further strengthen the communication with the news media, and actively carry out the integrity of food and drug propaganda activities, let the public know more about my bureau extranet, Shanghai food and drug administration, Shanghai food and Drug Administration and information technology WeChat public platform, the popularization of knowledge of food and drug safety credit quality system construction. Encourage the industry association to promote the construction of the industry credit culture, advocate credit model creation and education campaigns in food and drug production enterprises, to promote the food and drug production operators the quality consciousness of honesty and. To carry out the good faith propaganda activities, and effectively improve the rate and ability of self – protection awareness of the public food and drug safety knowledge, to create a good social atmosphere of public concern, support and participate in food and drug safety, to achieve social cohabitation.
Ten, actively promote the integrity of civil servants within the system. According to the spirit of civil servants in Shanghai to promote the construction of the spirit of the work, in 2017, Shanghai food and Drug Administration and the district market authority should continue to actively promote the integrity of civil servants within the system. Carry out civil servants occupation moral construction and the integrity of special education training organization, practicing food and drug supervision system of cadres and workers behavior norms, and actively explore the establishment of food and drug supervision system of civil servants credit archives, focuses on the collection of basic information, civil servants, honest reporting major matters of personal records, work records, daily and annual examination results and related violations of breach of contract etc. information sharing, gradually and public credit information platform and credit record linkage, and the selection and appointment of cadres, and Pingxian competefor first combination.
Eleven, strengthen the organization and leadership of the credit system construction, the establishment of regular meeting system. Municipal Food and Drug Administration and the district market authority will continue to strengthen the organization and leadership of food and drug safety credit system construction work, improve the work leading group. The establishment of quarterly work meeting system, deepen the construction of credit system work, do a good job of implementation. Strengthen the propaganda and training of food and drug credit system, and create a good working atmosphere.
Twelve, the establishment of information reporting mechanism, strengthen supervision and assessment. The food and drug supervision departments at all levels should establish the progress of the work of information submitted to the system, the market supervision bureau every year should be the area of food and drug safety credit system construction work carried out by the Council of credit system construction work leading group office. Bureau of the district food and drug safety credit system construction work will be included in the annual performance appraisal, and regularly informed.
WeChat sweep attention to the public number

信息安全的最弱环节,一些观点:受信任员工和转岗员工可能引起的安全风险可能大于离职员工;年轻的“数码一代”缺乏知识产权和安全保密意识;密码重置机制可能比密码更脆弱。

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1美国智库兰德公司“0day漏洞”研究证明“囤货”没有那么可怕
1 of us think tank Rand Co 0day loophole proved hoarding not so terrible
美国著名智库机构兰德公司(RAND,以军事为主的综合性战略研究机构)当地时间上周四发布的研究报告称,近期对超过200个“零日漏洞”进行了研究和统计分析,囤积最新发现的“零日漏洞”并没有普遍认为的那么危险,因为其它人发现这些漏洞的几率很小。这项结果颠覆了人们对漏洞披露和囤积软件漏洞的传统认知。
The famous American think tank Rand Co (RAND, a military based comprehensive strategic research institute) research report released on Thursday local time, more than 200 of recent Zero Day vulnerabilities were studied and statistically analyzed, hoarding the newly discovered Zero Day vulnerabilities is not generally considered so dangerous, because the probability of other people find these vulnerabilities is very small. This result subverts the traditional understanding of vulnerability disclosure and hoarding software vulnerabilities.
2两家大型企业38部安卓手机被预装恶意软件
2 two large enterprises Android mobile phones are preloaded malware 38
被感染的设备来自一家“大型电信公司”和一家“跨国技术公司”。手机制造商提供的官方ROM中并不存在这些恶意应用程序,这些恶意应用是在之后的供应链中添加上去的。从发现的实例中了解到,恶意攻击者利用系统特权安装恶意软件,导致用户无法删除该恶意软件,必须重新刷机。
The infected device comes from a big Telecom Company and a multinational technology company.. Mobile phone manufacturers to provide the official ROM does not exist in these malicious applications, these malicious applications are added in the subsequent supply chain up. From the discovery of the instance, malicious attackers use system privileges to install malicious software, resulting in the user can not delete the malicious software, must re brush machine.
3英情报官员:俄罗斯黑客恐威胁英国大选
3 British intelligence officials: Russian hackers fear the British general election
据《星期日泰晤士报》报道,英国情报机构政府通信总部主管网络安全的官员夏兰•马丁在信中说,俄罗斯黑客的网络袭击可能会威胁英国的政治体制。
According to the Sunday times reported that the British Intelligence Agency government communications headquarters in charge of network security officials Ciaran Martin said in the letter, the network attack of Russian hackers could threaten the British political system.
不过英国外交大臣鲍里斯•约翰逊称,目前没有俄罗斯成功对英国发动网络袭击的证据。
But Boris, the British Foreign Secretary, said there was no evidence of a successful Japanese attack on the UK by the.
马丁在政府通讯总部下属的“国家网络安全中心”(NCSC)担任首席执行官。他在信中写道:“你们应该已经看到对美国、德国和其他国家发生的事情的报道。这些事情提醒我们,针对英国政治制度的敌对行动是有可能发生的。”

新疆2017年安全工程师报名网站:中国人事考试网

Martin served as chief executive officer of the national network security center (NCSC) under the government communications headquarters. He wrote in the letter: you should have seen in the United States, Germany and other countries, what happened. These things remind us that hostile action against the British political system is possible.
4英国NHS数千医务人员信息被窃 因IT承包商被黑

长春网络安全招聘信息

4 British NHS thousands of medical personnel information stolen due to IT contractor was black
黑客访问了全球领先放射科学服务公司Landauer的英国系统,导致英国威尔士数千名医务人员的个人信息被窃。此次事件涉及4766名医务工作人员,其中包括3423名NHS 威尔士员工和前工作人员,1343名非NHS客户(包括私人医院、牙医、兽医和机场安检工作人员)。本次被窃取的信息包括姓名、出生日期、国家社保号和从事放射摄影工作的医务人员的辐射剂量在内的数据。而这批泄露的数据还将影响英格兰和苏格兰的国家健康体系(NHS)设施。
Hackers access to the world’s leading radiation science services company Landauer’s British system, resulting in thousands of British medical personnel Welsh personal information stolen. The incident involved 4766 medical staff, including NHS employees and former employees of the Welsh, 1343 non NHS clients (including private hospitals, dentists, veterinarians and airport security staff). The stolen information, including name, date of birth, the national social security number and the radiation dose of radiation workers in radiology work, including the data. The leaked data will also affect the national health system (NHS) facilities in England and Scotland.

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5黑莓PGP加密信息是如何被荷兰警方解密的?
5 BlackBerry PGP encryption information is how to decrypt the Holland police?
荷兰警方设法解密犯罪分子使用定制PGP黑莓手机发送的大量PGP加密信息,并在这项持久的调查中获取了数名犯罪分子相关的数据。PGP(英文全称Pretty Good Privacy,完美隐私)是一个开源端对端加密标准,可用来对电子邮件、文件、文档或整个磁盘分区进行加密签名,从而保护内容免受监视。
Police in Holland are trying to decrypt a large number of PGP encrypted messages sent by criminals using a custom PGP blackberry, and get a number of criminal related data in the ongoing investigation. PGP (full name Pretty Good Privacy English, perfect privacy) is an open-source end-to-end encryption standard, can be used for e-mail, files, or the disk partition encryption signature, so as to protect the contents from monitoring.
6美国国防部最新报告:美军武器系统可能已经被植入后门
员工的安全意识是商业成功的竞争力
6 U.S. Department of defense latest report: U.S. military weapon system may have been implanted in the back door
根据美国国防部五角大楼的科学顾问们所言,美国军方的大部分武器系统没有采取任何旨在保护其硬件组件免受网络攻击侵扰的措施,有相关证据证明,部分装备中存在数字后门,一旦在这种状态下实战,敌方完全能够令美方武器陷入瘫痪。
According to the U.S. Department of defense The Pentagon scientific advisers said, most of the weapons system of the United States military did not take any aim to protect its hardware components from network attack intrusion measures, relevant evidence of the existence of digital equipment in the back part, once in this state of combat, the enemy can make us weapons paralyzed.
7Mac 木马“Proton”曝光:代码有签名、黑市售价 5 万美金
目前信息安全产品的三个新问题较为普遍:贴牌生产过程中,其实只是将外来产品包装直接换掉和把软件界面汉化;“借用”别的产品的软件模块;只是将源代码改头换面,实际并没有掌握核心技术。
7Mac Trojan Proton exposure: code has a signature, black market price $50 thousand
安全研究人员已经找到了一款名叫“Proton”恶意软件的新型木马的蛛丝马迹,其声称拥有如假包换的苹果代码签名,并在黑客论坛(以及线上犯罪活动)中大肆叫卖。显然,在俄罗斯网络犯罪论坛上曝光的这款远程访问木马(RAT),已经将目标瞄向了曾经不那么引人关注的 macOS 系统。安全企业 Sixgill 指出,其采用 Objective C 语言编写,无需依赖其它资源以运行,受害者将面临极大的风险。
Security researchers have found a man named Proton traces new Trojan malware, its claimed Apple code signing disguising, and in the hacker forums (and online crime) in selling big. Obviously, the exposure of this remote access Trojan horse (RAT) in the Russian cybercrime forum, the target has been aimed at the macOS system has not been so interesting. Security firm Sixgill pointed out that the use of Objective C language, without relying on other resources to run, the victim will face great risk.
8WhatsApp与Telegram中存在安全漏洞,允许黑客全面接管帐户
8WhatsApp and Telegram in the presence of security vulnerabilities that allow hackers to take over account

WhatsApp与Telegram在线平台(即WhatsApp Web与Telegram Web)中存在的一项全新安全漏洞。通过利用这项漏洞,攻击者将可全面接管用户帐户,进而访问受害者的个人与群组对话、照片、视频、其它共享文件以及联系人列表等等。
WhatsApp and Telegram online platform (that is, WhatsApp Web and Telegram Web) in the presence of a new security vulnerabilities. By taking advantage of this vulnerability, the attacker will be able to fully take over the user account, and then access the victim’s personal and group conversations, photos, videos, other shared files and contact lists, etc..
9五角大楼计划将更多AI方案引入网络安全领域
9 The Pentagon plans to introduce more AI programs in the field of network security
美国五角大楼方面为降低服务器规模正全力推进联合区域安全堆栈项目,同时为促进改善原有单向数据系统间的互操作性正整合各区域网络数据资源,随着这两项工作的开展,IT开发人员亦亲身见证了网络安全事务面向人工智能(简称AI)技术的快速转变。
The United States The Pentagon in order to reduce the size of the server are to promote joint regional security projects and to promote the improvement of the stack, the original one-way data system interoperability between the regional network is the integration of data resources, with two of the work carried out, IT developers also witness the network security affairs for artificial intelligence (AI) rapid change technology.
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上市公司:安全事故披露普遍滞后,投资者、社区居民和社会公众等待着上市公司的权威公告,时间越长,舆情越可能往不可控的方向发展。

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“只有构建属于自己的国家网络,才有真正意义上的信息安全。”3月17日,中科院信息安全国家重点实验室教授、北京知识安全工程中心主任吕述望在出席贵州省贵安新区花溪大学城信息安全高峰论坛期间,就国家信息安全、知识产权等问题表达了自己的观点。

315人行特别提示:谨防误入钓鱼网站信用卡遭盗刷

此次论坛旨在围绕信息安全面临的挑战与隐患、产业发展机遇、技术创新与人才培养等关键问题展开交流与探索,从而为信息安全产业和数字经济发展指明方向。论坛得到了国内众多信息安全领域的专家学者以及企业家的积极参与和响应。
据数据显示,2015年全球信息安全市场规模已突破1100亿美元,未来,全球信息安全市场规模仍将保持10%以上的年均复合增长率。国内随着《网络安全法》等一批重要政策的出台,业内普遍预测信息安全产业将在十三五期间迎来黄金发展期,其市场规模将在千亿级别。前景喜人,但现状亦不容乐观,先机难得易逝,无论是地方政府还是掘金企业,都将迎来新一轮竞跑。
市场巨大产业规模逾千亿

仪陇县召开文化市场管理工作暨安全生产培训会

在安全架构和技术系统的研究、开发和实施方面,大型企业真可以考虑自己动手、丰衣足食,毕竟信息安全要内嵌进业务流程,特别是在业务应用的安全方面,第三方通用产品总难比量身定制更为合适。
当世界开始被网络记录后,信息的洪流带来无限商机的同时也带来了新的安全问题,对于商业而言,哪里有漏洞、哪里有空间、哪里有空白,哪里就有机会,就有市场,有利益。盗窃丑闻、网络攻击事件频繁发生,信息安全市场需求不断提升,这最终催生了信息安全产业的发展。
“随着互联网、大数据的爆破式发展,网络空间安全概念提到新的高度,与此相伴生的是信息安全产业。信息安全产业的发展是网络空间安全的经济基础保障,是实现网络强国和提高中国国家现代化治理能力的共同目标所向,是中国全面深化改革的经济重点领域和调整产业结构、加快经济发展方式的重要途径。这不是一个纯粹的技术创新问题,而是一个产业发展、制度设计等的综合体,必须依托信息安全产业的发展,才能形成强有力的网络空间安全话语权与控制权。因此,未来市场空间巨大。”在贵安新区花溪大学城信息安全高峰论坛现场,贵州省公共大数据重点实验室常务副主任、贵州大学数学系主任、密码学与数据安全研究所所长彭长根对记者表示。
根据中国互联网协会发布的《2016中国网民权益保护调查报告》显示,从2015年下半年到2016年上半年的一年间我国网民因个人信息泄露遭受的经济损失超过915亿元,远高于信息安全产业市场规模。根据普华永道的报告,2015年和2016年中国内地及中国香港企业检测到的信息安全事件平均数量高达2577起,与2014年相比上升了969%,对企业造成的直接间接损失超过百亿元。目前我国网络非法从业人员已经超过150万人,黑色市场规模已经达千亿级别。
在工信部印发的《软件和信息技术服务业发展规划(2016-2020年)》中,首次明确提出信息安全产品纳入目标中,提出到“十三五”末达到2000亿元,年均增长20%以上,远超全行业平均13%的增速。
信息安全产业早已不是杀毒软件那么简单,为了应对互联网的普及和数据挖掘技术的发展带来的各种安全问题(如:保障数据信息储存、传输、交换过程中保证其完整性、可用性、保密性和可靠性),信息安全产业已经成为涉及信息传输的安全、信息存储的安全以及对网络传输信息内容的审计等多方面,高度细分的产业生态链,广泛服务于政府、企业和个人,产出了安全硬件(如:加密芯片)、安全软件(如:杀毒软件、互联网监测软件)、安全服务(如:网络安全咨询)等多种产品。

艾礼富Alef讯:安防网络安全仍需引起重视

资深安全信息体系规划专家鞠道霈认为,中国的信息安全产业正在经历从小到大的巨变,“就信息安全产业而言,全球市场达到了千亿美元、中国市场达到了千亿人民币的规模,但整体来看信息安全产业才刚刚开始,希望有更多企业加入进来做大市场、共分蛋糕。”

落后国际市场投入严重不足
2017年年初工信部、发改委印发的《信息产业发展指南》提出,工业信息安全方面将建立工业信息安全管理体系,完善工业信息安全检查评测和信息共享机制,推动开展安全检查、漏洞发布、信息通报等工作,营造安全的工业互联网环境。由此,信息安全牵涉到国家安全问题,已作为顶层设计列入国家的战略规划中,国内市场的信息安全产业必然得到极大的催化。但是,就市场和产业本身,与国外还有很大差距。
“目前我国信息安全产业规模有限,一个主要原因是我国在信息安全产业上投入很少,投入少意味着市场活跃度低。”云安全联盟上海区联席主席沈勇介绍,虽然我国近年来信息安全产业快速发展,但是目前我国在网络安全领域的投入占整个IT比重还很低,仅约2%,远低于欧美国家10%左右的水平。据前瞻产业研究院提供的《中国信息安全行业发展前景预测与投资战略规划分析报告》数据显示,2015年全球信息安全支出达833.78亿美元,其中大中华区只有32.15亿元,仅为美国的9%,未来还有很大增长空间。
综合推进人才培养是根本
如同任何一个产业的起步,市场与政府一个都不能少。长期致力于信息化系统研究的吴礼发教授认为,信息安全产业发展既重要紧迫,又面临着巨大机遇。在未来时期,明确发展地位、转变发展方式、完善产业发展制度、优化产业分工和增强产业衔接等都是信息安全产业发展亟待解决的问题,而且还需要从产业扶持、产业布局优化、产业人才队伍建设和产业国际合作等方面综合推进,需要市场和政府共同发力。
“信息安全事关政府、企业以及我们每个人的切身利益。数字经济的发展是贵州,更是贵安发展的引擎,希望通过几年努力,让信息安全产业成为贵安新区数字经济发展的强大动力。”贵州省大数据发展管理局副局长景亚平在贵安新区花溪大学城信息安全高峰论坛中如是说。
景亚平表示,贵安新区是国家大数据(贵州)综合试验区、大数据产业发展集聚区、国家绿色数据中心试点地区。信息安全是发展数字经济的重要基础,也是我们培育的重要产业。拥有信息安全产业的数字经济体系才是完整的数字经济体系。“面对巨大的市场需求以及与我们所有人都息息相关的共同利益,信息安全产业蕴含充沛的经济潜力,所以,摆在面前的不是蓝海,而是时代孕育的信息安全产业的蓝色汪洋,我们将与企业一起开掘。”
西安电子科技大学教授、博士生导师张卫国认为,贵州贵安抢先发展数字安全产业的意识在地方政府层面是比较超前的,这与贵州整体大数据和数字经济的先行发展密不可分。“贵安将数字经济的一个分支即信息安全产业提出来重点发展,打造独特的竞争力,对企业来讲非常有吸引力。我们期待信息安全产业和市场在这里率先繁荣起来,给其他地区的发展提供一些借鉴。”
“全球范围,谷歌、微软、苹果等科技巨头早已将竞争焦点转向安全领域。国内企业同样极为看好信息安全产业前景,政策红利即将释放,市场潜力巨大。所以,我们致力于深耕这个产业,也期待得到政府更多的政策支持。”天津南大通用数据技术股份有限公司副总裁杨广嘉告诉记者。
中科院信息安全国家重点实验室教授、北京知识安全工程中心主任吕述望认为,发展信息安全的瓶颈是在人才,在大数据技术背景下的信息安全,与以往的信息安全都不同,是一个全新的领域,目前看来只有“人才培养”才是解决信息安全问题的根本之道。
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Summary of construction site safety management and control measures

提示:点击↑上方”实战工程管理”关注 加入
Tip: click on the arrow above the actual project management with concern
简介:一些个性化的特点和经验,
Introduction: some personalized features and experience,

京东揪出内鬼 个人信息安全话题再次升温

希望有助于读者在工程项目管理中,
Hope to help readers in the project management,
将工程项目管理的理念、知识和方法融会贯通,
The concept of project management, knowledge and methods,
打造务实与分享的平台。
Create a pragmatic and sharing platform.
安全通病治理的首要控制手段是管理,落实各级管理人员的安全责任,以全员安全管理为导向,以安全程序为基础,从作业工艺的角度关注安全问题,从管理的角度发现安全问题,解决安全问题,预防安全问题,通过一系列的教育、培训、监督、检查,将这些耳熟能详、显而易见的安全通病信息反馈给员工,让他们对自己作业过程中的细节问题更加关注,提高整体的安全意识。
The primary means of safety control common governance is the management, the implementation of security responsibilities at all levels of management, to the full security management oriented to safety procedures as the basis, pay attention to safety problems from the process point of view, to find security issues from the perspective of management, to solve the security problem, prevent safety problems, through a series of education and training the supervision and inspection, these security problems obviously, for having heard it many times information feedback to the employees, make them pay more attention to the details of their operation process, improve the safety awareness of the whole.
以下是某世界500强企业关于施工现场安全管理通病及其控制措施汇总表,分享给所有的同行参考借鉴。
The following is a list of the world’s top 500 companies on the construction site safety management and control measures common to share with all peer reference.
安全通病描述
Security fault description

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控制措施
control measures
企业需要采取可靠的安全措施,加强安全意识,并运用必要的普通和高科技工具,来提供最有效、完善的方案,以防范‘内部泄密’带来的威胁。
侧重对现场实施情况检查,未验证安全体系文件要求及实施情况的一致性
Focus on the implementation of the site inspection, did not verify the safety system documentation requirements and implementation of the consistency
监督检查计划中增加对体系文件检查,验证实施效果与程序文件的一致性
Supervision and inspection plan to increase the system file check, verify the implementation effect and the consistency of the program file
安全趋势分析未能根据施工进展预警,指导性不强
Security trend analysis fails to advance according to the progress of construction, guidance is not strong
网络安全公益短片防范外国情报机构聘用的军事间谍活动
贯彻预防和整改并重的思想,做好趋势分析,积极寻找采取预防措施的时机,结合项目部各单位施工情况,制定合理的趋势预警机制,减少安全隐患的形成
To carry out prevention and rectification of both ideas, make trend analysis, actively seek to take preventive measures according to the project time, the units of the Department of construction, develop trend early-warning mechanism reasonably, reduce the formation of security risks
施工前未考虑安全管理,导致现场施工影响安全通道或安全装置不完善造成其他安全问题
Safety management is not taken into account before construction, which leads to safety problems caused by site construction and other safety problems
通过“管生产管安全”等活动的开展,落实各级管理层的安全责任,充分考虑现场逻辑施工造成的安全问题,避免造成隐患和风险
Through the management of pipe production safety and other activities, the implementation of security responsibilities at all levels of management, to take full account of the safety problems caused by the logical construction site, to avoid risks and risks
现场巡检对发现问题未认识其危害性,跟踪不及时不彻底
Site inspection found that the problem did not recognize its harmfulness, tracking is not thorough
加强宣贯,现场违章行为不论大小都要及时制止,管理人员切实负起责任,加强检查力度,一经发现现场管理人员发现违章行为不管理者,纳入部门和个人安全考核
To strengthen the publicizing, on-site violations of any size shall be promptly stopped, management personnel take the responsibility, strengthen the inspection, found the site management personnel found illegal behavior is not included in the Department of management, and personal safety assessment
各类培训教育、经验反馈的实效性验证不足,现场抽查过程中仍存在重复性问题
The effectiveness of various types of training and education, experience feedback is not enough, there are still problems in the process of spot checks
加强对各类培训教育实效性的检查、验证,采取现场指导、复训、停工培训等形式加强各类培训效果的深入性和完整性
To strengthen the effectiveness of all kinds of education and training for the inspection and verification, take on-site guidance, refresher training, training and other forms of work strengthen all kinds of training effect of depth and integrity
走马观花,对现场作业泛泛检查,无针对性和计划性
Typically, on-site operations general inspection, targeted and planned
根据区域施工情况和部门监督检查计划,采取先重点后常规,专项检查穿插辅助,区域联动等方式相互指正、发现问题、落实整改
According to the situation of the construction of the region and the supervision and inspection plan of the Department, we should take the routine after the first priority, the special inspection and the auxiliary, the regional linkage, etc.
各类影像资料收集不到位,问题责任落实未到班组和个人
Various types of video data collection is not in place, the implementation of the problem is not to the team and individual responsibility
现场检查过程中,对违章、良好实践等做好影像记录留存,同时对发现的问题落实到班组和个人,并进行跟踪验证,帮助和督促班组落实安全
In the process of on-site inspection, the violation, good practice, such as keeping the image record, while the implementation of the problems found in the team and individual, and tracking verification, to help and supervise the implementation of safety team
安全管理报表报送不及时
Safety management report submitted in a timely manner
安全管理类资料报送和现场安全管理共同纳入内部五星评估,作为各单位考评依据的一部分
Safety management information submitted to the site and safety management together into the internal five-star assessment, as part of the assessment of each unit basis
在制定整改措施时,经常是采取“就事论事”的方式,仅制定出一些消除安全隐患表面现象的措施,未从深层次发现产生原因及消除措施;问题落实周期长,执行力不足
In the formulation of corrective measures, often take issues, only developed to eliminate safety hazards surface measures were found from the deep causes and elimination measures; implement the long cycle, lack of execution
整改措施应针对产生安全隐患的原因进行制定,从根源上消除安全隐患,避免同一类安全隐患再度发生;对已制定措施的缺陷项,第一时间进行整改和落实,加大安全执行力
Corrective measures should be aimed at the causes of security risks to develop, to eliminate safety hazards from the source, to avoid the same security risks again; the defective measures have been developed, the first time for rectification and implementation, increase safety execution
班前会讲解的内容空泛单一、没有很好的结合当天作业内容进行分析
Before the class will explain the content of a single, there is no very good combination of the contents of the day to analyze
根据项目部《班前会管理制度》规范班前会开展流程及要求,各部门/队内部监督班组班前会开展情况,HSE部积极参与,通过检查促进
According to the project department before class management system will be carried out before the specification of the class and the requirements of the various departments \/ teams in the internal supervision of the team will be carried out before the situation, HSE actively participate in, through the examination to promote
班前会记录上存在代签、漏签现象
There will be on behalf of the class before the signing of the contract, the leakage phenomenon
各班组自查,严禁代签、漏签现象,必须保证每位员工达到班前会开展效果,HSE跟踪监督
Each team self-examination, is strictly prohibited on behalf of the sign, the phenomenon of missing the signature, we must ensure that each employee will achieve the effect before the class, HSE tracking supervision
未对整个施工过程按步骤进行风险分析和危险源辨识,安全防范措施空泛
Risk analysis and hazard identification of the whole construction process are not carried out
技术人员根据施工流程对每一步骤进行安全风险分析和危险源辨识,制定切合工作实际的安全控制措施,杜绝空谈、无针对性
Technical personnel in accordance with the construction process for each step of the security risk analysis and hazard identification, the development of practical work to meet the safety control measures, put an end to talk, no targeted
专兼职安全员、管理人员检查记录存在空洞、无实际检查项情况,未根据施工情况对施工过程安全管理进行监督验证
Part time safety officer, management personnel inspection records exist empty, no actual inspection items, not according to the construction situation of the construction process safety management supervision and verification
根据记录表格检查项,对所负责整个施工过程中的安全执行情况进行检查,发现问题及时指正,加强全员安全教育的培训力度,对发现问题进行跟踪确认,并完善记录情况
According to the inspection records, check the implementation of security in the entire construction process, identify problems and timely correction, strengthen staff safety education training, follow up to confirm to find problems and improve the record
进入现场穿钉子鞋、凉鞋、拖鞋、高跟鞋、短裤、裙子等;不佩戴安全帽或者佩戴安全帽不系下颚带;敞怀;女工长发未盘放在安全帽内;休息时敲打安全帽、坐在安全帽上等
Enter the scene wearing nail shoes, sandals, slippers, high-heeled shoes, shorts, skirts and so on; not wearing helmets or not wearing helmets with smart women; jaw; long hair without tray on the safety cap; the rest on safety helmet, safety helmet for sitting
通过各类安全教育和专项培训提高员工安全意识,各部门内部自查自纠,提高员工危险辨识力度,严格遵守各岗位操作规程,通过培训、现场检查、整改治理等方式对个人防护问题进行及时的整改落实;

Windows 10系统360安全桌面无法卸载怎么办

Improve employee safety awareness through various safety education and training, internal self-examination departments, improve employee risk identification efforts, strictly abide by the operation rules, through training, on-site inspection, rectification and other ways timely rectification on the implementation of personal protection;
进入规定要穿防静电服装的区域不穿防静电服装;酸碱岗位操作时不带防酸手套、不穿防酸碱工作服、不戴防酸碱面罩;噪声大于85分贝环境不佩戴耳塞;接触粉尘不按规定使用防尘口罩等
Enter the required to wear anti-static clothing area do not wear anti-static clothing; pH post operation without antacid gloves, do not wear clothes, do not wear anti acid anti acid mask; noise environment is not greater than 85 dB to wear earplugs; dust exposure does not require the use of anti-dust masks etc.

操作高温易烫伤、低温易冻伤设备时,未按规定佩戴隔温服或隔温手套;安装玻璃试验仪器或用手拿取有毒有害物料时不戴手套;进行机床切削、切割、打磨、无齿锯、手砂轮等作业时不戴防护面罩或防护眼镜;对氮气、惰性气体等介质设备或管线进行封堵时不佩戴规定的防护用具;使用钻床时带手套;高处作业未佩戴安全带等。
The operation of high temperature, low temperature easy to scald frostbite equipment, failing to wear clothes or vibration insulation gloves; don’t wear gloves to install the glass test instrument or hand pick up toxic and harmful materials; for cutting, cutting, grinding, toothless saw, hand wheel etc. not wearing protective masks or protective glasses when working; protection appliances do not wear specified nitrogen and inert gases and other media equipment or pipeline for sealing; the use of drilling with high work gloves; not wearing a safety belt.
作业不设置施工作业区域,无标识标志,无信息牌,无人监护
Work does not set up the construction area, no logo, no signs, unattended
加强教育和管理,施工作业设置作业区域和警示标志标识信息牌,且设专人监护。
To strengthen the education and management, the construction of the work area and the operation of the warning signs identification signs, and set up a special monitoring.
作业区内无关人员擅自进入、逗留
Unauthorized entry into the area, stay
加强教育和管理,控制作业区内人员数量,无关人员清理出作业控制区,保证作业区域安全
To strengthen the education and management, control the number of personnel in the work area, no personnel to clean up the work control area, to ensure the safety of the operation area
库存物资堵塞消防通道、安全通道
Blocked fire exits and safe passage
加强教育和监管,严禁随意占用消防通道和安全通道,如有特殊情况,必须到HSE办理相关手续
To strengthen education and supervision, is strictly prohibited to take up fire and safety channels, if there are special circumstances, must go to HSE for the relevant formalities
进入仓库人员不穿戴合格的安全防护用品或未穿戴劳保用品
Enter the warehouse personnel do not wear qualified safety protection supplies or not wear labor insurance supplies
各部门内部加强管理和教育,对违章人员进行批评教育,严格各项责任管理
Strengthen the management and education within the various departments, criticism and education of illegal personnel, strict responsibility management
高处作业上下抛掷工具、材料、杂物
Throwing tools, materials and sundries from top to bottom
加强教育、宣贯和监管,明确高处作业各项防护措施,通过专人负责、过程巡检、专项监督、专项控制方案等方式对现场高处及临边作业予以规范和控制
Strengthen education, implementation and supervision, clear height of various protective measures, by the person responsible for the process of inspection, special supervision and special control scheme etc. to regulate and control the field height and limb operation
安全带低挂高用;安全带挂在活动的部件上
Safety belt low hanging high; safety belt hanging on the moving parts

免费的病毒查杀软件甚至终端安全软件越来越多,它们往往是轻量级的,安全功能不够全面,面向家庭或个人用户,厂商往往希望用户习惯了免费的之后,付费选择功能更强大的产品,所以,多数公司用户还是坚持使用企业级的产品。

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来源:《征信》杂志
作者简介:王锦云(1966-),男,福建周宁人,经济师,主要研究方向为征信管理理论与实务。
摘要:近年来,此起彼伏的个人信息泄密事件不断地刺激着典论和社会公众的神经,同时也引发了舆论和社会公众对个人信息保护工作的极大关注。信息安全是征信的生命线。剖析广义上征信信息安全的现状及面临的困境,提出加强征信信息安全管理的思路和建议。
一般地说,征信信息仅指征信机构采集并加工而成征信产品的信息;其安全也仅就信息泄露上的风险防控而言的。在广义上,征信信息不仅指征信机构采集加工而成的信息,而且指采集之前因特定消费留在商家手上的相关个人身份信息和各地政府基于信用管理而征集的公共信用信息。同时,其安全也不仅就信息泄露风险而言,而且涵盖非泄露风险的信息本身的真实性维护管理、疏忽性不良化倾向的防控管理和公共信用信息的安全管理。本文所指的征信信息是广义上的,因此所探讨的征信信息安全也是广义上的征信信息安全。
一、当前征信信息安全的现状分析

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一是征信活动初始来源信息泄露风险问题突出。在特定消费活动中,人们的社会经济生活难免不在诸多领域留下个人信息。比如购买商品房、汽车、保险或申请信贷的情况下,作为消费者的购买人会在商家那里留下证明个人身份的有效证件信息等材料。而这些被留下的个人信息就成为了征信机构征集信息的最初来源之一。2013年某保险80万份保单客户信息被泄露、某快递公司百万客户信息被泄露等事件表明,部分收集和使用个人信息的机构对保护个人信息工作主观上重视不够,客观上没有采取切实可行的措施,导致许多“内鬼”挺而走险,肆意泄露个人信息,形成了个人信息买卖灰色产业链。不论是从一般意义上还是广义上的安全观上看,征信信息的泄露风险防范无疑都是其安全管理的重中之重。
二是征信机构采集加工而成产品的信息泄露风险相对可控。但绷紧征信机构信息泄露风险防范的安全管理之弦,也是十分必要的。中央政府层面的各部门在履行相关职责时都掌握着被管理对象的身份及其相关信息,形成了条块分割、各自为政的信息数据库。从央行角度看,作为金融信用信息基础数据库的运行维护者和社会信用体系建设的积极推动者,央行享有极高的社会声誉和公信力。基于征信查询服务产生个人信息保护义务的查询机构,如果工作出现懈怠而导致泄密事件的发生,那么不仅要面临承担应有的法律责任的风险,而且还将严重损害央行声誉和公信力。个人信息泄露事件警示个人信息保护工作在查询机构的查询服务中应当引起足够的重视,严防个人信息泄露工作刻不容缓。
三是征信机构产品信息的真实性管理侧重银行信用信息、疏于非银行信用信息。首先,征信产品银行信用信息真实性管理不断加强。根据中国人民银行征信中心对2014年全国性银行贷款、贷记卡、准贷记卡等三类业务个人征信数据质量考评的情况,各季度数据完整性、及时性、准确性都在99. 58%以上。中国人民银行征信中心通过其分中心登记的涉及全国性银行个人征信异议申请5465笔,回复率和解决率分别为99. 91%和98. 83 % 。但是,少数信贷类信息的真实性管理还需要加强。其次,征信产品非银行信用信息真实性管理工作还有待加强。在日常工作中,有信息主体反映,信用报告中的婚姻、学历、住址等非银行基本信息与真实情况不符。由此可见,信用信息真实性管理应当成为信息安全管理的重要组成部分。
四是人为疏忽导致不良信息的防控管理工作需要强化。不良信息的产生有多重原因,其中疏忽是主要原因之一。比如,信息主体因不知情而发生逾期且对逾期事实的存续也不知情,导致不良信息的产生。平时不怎么关注个人信用报告的张某因办理房贷需要而查询了自身的个人信用报告。报告显示,张某有4张激活后并未进行使用的信用卡分别出现了不同程度的逾期,均是未缴信用卡年费所致。张某表示4张信用卡是应他在银行的朋友之请,为完成银行业务量而办理的,并未被告知有关年费的问题,且银行也未对其年费产生逾期进行提醒,致使因年费产生的不良信息持续2年之久。这样的案例并不在少数。无论是信息主体对个人信用报告的定期关注,还是信息报送机构在报送不良信息前的适时告知,只要尽到注意义务本身就可以避免不良信用信息的产生。这说明有关方面的疏忽导致不良信息的防控管理工作需要强化。

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二、新形势下征信信息安全面临的困境
一是相关法规制度尚不健全,削弱了征信信息安全管理工作。对征信机构采集相关信息并通过加工所形成的征信产品—信用报告的查询和使用,《征信业管理条例》做了明确规定。对特定消费中产生的个人信息的保护,《消费者权益保护法》虽然规定消费者享有个人信息受到保护的权利,但是如何保护这些信息缺少可操作性的规定。地方政府基于信用管理需要而建立的公共信用信息数据库,不适用《征信业管理条例》,因为征集信息建立数据库的部门不是依照《中华人民共和国公司法》和《征信业管理条例》规定的条件设立,不属于《征信业管理条例》所指的征信机构。各地方政府建立公共信用信息数据库的依据基本是地方政府规章,其法律法规层次较低,加之各地征信规章所授权建立数据库的管理部门和管理方式各不相同,采集信息的范围和对信息主体、信息征集方及提供方、使用方,监管部门的权利、义务不明确,无法对企业和个人合法权益进行有效保护。
二是地方政府部门以管理之名行侵权之实,给信息安全管理工作带来了挑战。2016年6月12日国务院印发《关于建立完善守信联合激励和失信联合惩戒制度加快推进社会诚信建设的指导意见》要求,加强信用信息公开和共享,依法依规运用信用激励和约束手段,构建政府、社会共同参与的跨地区、跨部门、跨领域的守信联合激励和失信联合惩戒机制。联合惩戒失信行为在当前不仅是一种共识,而且是一种行动。但是“善意”侵犯个人信息隐私权的情况容易被忽视。在失信联合惩戒制度落实过程中,出现了以管理为名不经同意查询个人信息的“善意”侵犯个人信息保护权的情况。这主要表现在:一方面政府相关部门以考察管理对象的信用状况为名,不经信息主体同意要求查询管理对象的个人信用报告;另一方面查询机构难以拒绝政府相关部门根据地方政府文件的“正当”要求,否则就有不参与联合惩戒失信行为的活动之嫌。
三是刑法规定缺乏实施细则,导致打击违法犯罪活动的威慑作用不明显。《中华人民共和国刑法修正案(九)》就侵犯公民个人信息导致个人信息泄露的触犯刑法的行为及其量刑标准进行了规定。口前来看,虽然我国已将泄露个人信息的行为人刑,但对如何界定公民个人信息、哪类属于“情节严重”的人罪标准、情节未达到“严重情形”的可否通过其他方式予以惩戒等一系列法律空白仍巫待补充。由此,在打击侵犯公民个人信息的违法犯罪活动中,刑法的适用无法顺利全力“施展拳脚”。
三、征信信息安全管理不到位带来的负面影响
对特定消费活动留存在商家手上的个人信息因安全管理不到位而屡屡泄露的情况,人们容易产生这样的疑问:为什么信息泄露事件禁而不绝?原因应该是政府的打击力度不够,不足以威慑违法者。对征信机构的征信产品信息因安全管理不到位而产生违规查询的问题,人们也容易产生这样的疑问:为什么违规查询禁而不绝?原因应该是征信业管理部门查处不力,或查而不罚,或检查流于形式。对征信机构的征信产品信息因安全管理不到位而产生信息失真的情况,人们也容易产生这样的疑问:为什么信息失真纠而不绝?原因应该是征信机构的采集加工管理能力不足。总而言之,征信信息安全管理不到位带来的负面影响,是社会公众对自身个人信息安全感到担心的同时,对政府相关部门信息安全管理能力的信心不足。
四、进一步加强征信信息安全管理的思路和建议
一是建立健全法律法规体系,夯实征信信息安全管理制度基础。一方面,在《消费者权益保护法》和《征信业管理条例》的基础上,从操作细节人手进一步完善个人信息安全管理方面的相关规定。比如特定消费中获得个人信息的商家在留存、保管、使用、保密等方面的安全管理责任、义务以及未尽责任和义务的处罚做出具体和可操作的规定,方便监管部门开展监督检查工作;对监管部门在个人信息安全管理的监管上未尽监管责任的问责做出规定,方便行政监察、纪检监察或检察机关对监管部门开展问责。另一方面,在国家层面制定地方公共信用信息数据库的管理法规,统一规范各地公共信用信息数据库的建立、使用、保护等方面的责任、义务,明确监管部门和职责。
二是强化征信系统数据质量建设,为征信信息安全管理提供技术支撑。在征信信息传输、使用中,采取高强度加密保护措施,推广使用密钥工具,统一安全保密技术,规范杀毒软件等。在征信信息的真实性安全管理上,信息报送机构应完善相关制度和操作规程,明确迟报、漏报、错报等有关数据质量的操作责任人制度,完善和落实信息异议处理工作流程,通过制度的规范和落实来保障报送数据的质量。在信息防控不良化倾向上,一方面信息主体要养成“关爱信用记录”的良好意识和习惯,及时掌握自己信用报告的信用状况;另一方面数据报送机构要自觉履行《征信业管理条例》关于不良信息报送前的告知义务,提醒信息主体防止形成不良信用记录。
三是地方政府部门吃透政策,自觉依法依规查询使用征信信息,为征信信息安全管理提供部门配合支持。2014年6月14日国务院印发的《社会信用体系建设规划纲要(2014-2020 )》在“加快推进政务诚信建设”中提出“加强公务员诚信管理和教育”,要求建立公务员诚信档案,依法依规将公务员个人有关事项报告、廉政记录、年度考核结果、相关违法违纪违约行为等信用信息纳人档案,将公务员诚信记录作为干部考核、任用和奖惩的重要依据。《征信业管理条例》规定:“向征信机构查询个人信息的,应当取得信息主体本人的书面同意并约定用途。但是法律规定可以不经同意查询的除外。征信机构不得违反前款规定提供个人信息。”对公务员诚信管理的前提是依法依规。针对地方政府部门无法提交“法律规定可以不经同意查询”的规定时要求查询个人信用信息,建议政府公务员管理部门先取得信息主体同意查询的书面授权。公务员在每年初签署一份为期一年的同意授权其管理部门在公务员诚信管理方面查询个人信用信息并约定信息用途的查询授权书,次年再另行授权,方便管理部门在需要考察管理对象的诚信状况时适时查询个人信用信息。这样既解决了管理部门在不“惊动”被管理对象的情况下查询申请理由不充分的问题,也解决了查询机构查询申请材料审查时的齐备性和合规性问题。
四是坚持服务与监管适当分离的原则,努力维护个人信息主体权益。基于信用信息的征集、查询和使用以及信息主体的权利保护等工作,既需要征信机构的自觉努力,也需要信息主体的维权监督。从适用《征信业管理条例》的金融信用信息基础数据库的角度看,针对查询机构不当作为或不作为的信息主体维权投诉活动,中国人民银行分支机构应当坚持服务与监管适当分离的原则,指定法律事务办为投诉受理部门,对查询部门的服务进行监督,保证个人信用报告信息主体维权投诉活动顺利进行,避免引发行政诉讼。从不适用《征信业管理条例》的地方公共信用信息数据库的角度看,也应当坚持服务与监管相分离的原则,数据库的建立运行部门与数据库的监管部门相互独立,从根本上做到“履职有据、操作依规、监管有责、维权有效、信息安全”。
五是夯实刑法打击侵犯公民个人信息违法犯罪行为的法律基础。针对《中华人民共和国刑法修正案(九)》有关侵犯公民个人信息违法犯罪行为的规定,就如何界定公民个人信息、哪类属于“情节严重”的人罪标准、情节未达到“严重情形”的可否通过其他方式予以惩戒等一系列法律空白,最高法出台相关司法解释,打通侵犯公民个人信息违法犯罪行为人刑的“最后一公里”通道。
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Source: credit magazine
Author introduction: Wang Jinyun (1966-), male, Fujian Zhouning, economic division, the main research direction for credit management theory and practice.
Abstract: in recent years, as one falls, another rises the leak of personal information constantly stimulate public opinion and the public’s nerves, but also triggered a public opinion and the public attention to the protection of personal information. Information security is the lifeline of credit investigation. This paper analyzes the present situation and the dilemma of the information security in the broad sense, and puts forward some ideas and suggestions on strengthening the security management of credit information.
Generally speaking, credit information refers to the information collection and processing of credit information and credit information products; its security is only on the risk of information disclosure in terms of prevention and control. In a broad sense, credit information not only refers to the credit institutions acquisition processing of information, but also refers to the acquisition of the antecedents of consumption in the hands of the specific businesses related to personal identity information and credit management based on local government and public credit information collection. At the same time, its security is not only the risk of information leakage, safety management, control management, maintenance and management of the authenticity of the bad tendency of negligence and covers non disclosure risk information itself and the public credit information. This paper refers to the credit information is broad, so the information security is also discussed in the broad sense of credit information security.
First, the current situation of credit information security analysis
First, the initial source of credit information disclosure risk issues highlighted. In the specific consumption activities, people’s social and economic life will not leave personal information in many fields. For example, the purchase of commercial housing, cars, insurance or apply for credit, as the purchaser of the consumer will be left behind in the merchant to prove the identity of the effective identity documents and other information. And these are left personal information has become one of the initial sources of credit agencies to collect information. In 2013 800 thousand an insurance policy information was leaked, a courier company millions of customer information has been leaked and other events showed that part of the collection and use of personal information on the personal information protection work mechanism is not subjective importance, feasible measures have not been taken objectively, causing many ghost desperate, wanton disclosure of personal information, form the sale of personal information of gray industrial chain. Whether it is from the general sense or broad sense of security point of view, the disclosure of credit information disclosure risk prevention is undoubtedly the most important of its security management.
Two credit agencies to collect information from the processing of the product is relatively controllable risk disclosure. But tightening credit information disclosure risk management of the security management of the string is also very necessary. The central government departments at all levels in the implementation of the relevant duties are controlled by the identity of the object of management and related information, the formation of fragmented, fragmented information database. From the perspective of the central bank, as an active promoter of the financial credit information database operators and social credit system construction, the central bank enjoys a high social reputation and credibility. Credit inquiry service query mechanism based on personal information protection obligations, if the work appeared slack and lead to the occurrence of leaks, so not only have to face the risk should bear the legal responsibility, but also will seriously damage the reputation and credibility of the central bank. Personal information leakage warning personal information protection work should be paid enough attention to the query service of the inquiry institutions, to prevent the disclosure of personal information.
The three is the authenticity of the credit information management institutions focus on bank credit information, ignoring non bank credit information. First, the credibility of credit products bank credit information management continues to strengthen. According to the people’s Bank of credit information center Chinese on 2014 national bank loans, credit cards, quasi credit cards and other three categories of personal credit business data quality evaluation, the quarterly data integrity, timeliness, accuracy is above 99.58%. The people’s Bank of China credit center through the registration center of the National Bank of individuals involved in the application of personal credit objection 5465 pen, reply rate and resolution were 99.91% and 98.83%, respectively. However, the authenticity of a small number of credit information management needs to be strengthened. Secondly, the authenticity of credit products non bank credit information management needs to be strengthened. In daily work, the main body of information reflected in the credit report of marriage, education, address and other non bank basic information does not match the true situation. Thus, the authenticity of credit information management should become an important component of information security management.
Four is caused by human negligence prevention and control of bad information management needs to be strengthened. There are many reasons for the emergence of bad information. For example, the main body of information because of the occurrence of overdue knowledge and the existence of overdue facts do not know, resulting in the formation of bad information. Usually do not pay attention to the personal credit report Zhang because of the need for housing loans and personal credit report. The report shows that Zhang has not been used after the activation of 4 credit cards were different degrees of overdue, are not paid the annual fee of credit card. Zhang said the 4 credit cards should be his banking friends please, and for the completion of banking business, has not been informed of the annual fee, and the fee for banks did not produce overdue reminder, due to the bad information fee for 2 years. Such cases are not in the minority. Whether it is the subject of information regularly focus on personal credit report, or information submitted to the agency submitted in bad information before the timely inform, as long as to the duty of care itself can avoid bad credit information. This shows that the neglect of the relevant aspects of the prevention and control of adverse information needs to be strengthened.

山东青岛城阳区:紧扣岗位需求开展精准培训

Two, the new situation of credit information security dilemma
First, the relevant laws and regulations are not perfect, weakened credit information security management. The collection of relevant information by the credit rating agencies and through the processing of the formation of credit products – credit report inquiries and use of the credit industry management regulations made a clear provision. To protect the specific consumer’s personal information, consumer protection law although the provisions of personal information of consumers enjoy the right to be protected, but the lack of information on how to protect these Provisions operability. Public credit information database of local government credit management based on, does not apply to Credit Management Ordinance, because the collection department information database is not in accordance with the provisions of the People’s Republic of China company law and Regulations credit management conditions set up, does not belong to the credit agency credit Management Ordinance refers to. The local government to establish a public credit information database is based on the basic rules of local governments, the legal level is low, coupled with the country credit regulations authorized the establishment of the database management and the management in different ways, the scope of information collection and information on the subject, information collecting and providers, use, supervision department rights and obligations are not clear, can not effectively protect the legitimate rights and interests of enterprises and individuals.
Two is the local government departments to manage the name of the infringement of the real, to the information security management challenges. In June 12, 2016 the State Council issued the on the establishment of perfect and trustworthy incentives and promises disciplinary system with combined guidance to accelerate the construction of social honesty requirements, strengthen credit information disclosure and sharing, according to the law application of Credit Incentive and restraint means, construction of the government and society are involved in cross regional, cross sectoral, cross domain joint and trustworthy incentives and promises Joint Disciplinary mechanism. Joint Disciplinary dishonesty in the current is not only a consensus, but also an action. But the good faith invasion of personal information privacy is easy to be ignored. In the process of the implementation of the Joint Disciplinary System of dishonesty, there is a case of good faith infringement of personal information protection in the name of management without the consent of personal information. This is mainly manifested in: on the one hand, the relevant government departments to inspect the management of the credit of the target in the name, not the subject of the information requirements to query personal credit report management object; on the other hand the query mechanism difficult to refuse the relevant government departments according to local government documents proper requirements, otherwise it is not involved in the Joint Disciplinary dishonesty activities too.
Three is the lack of implementation of the provisions of the criminal law, leading to the fight against illegal and criminal activities of the deterrent effect is not obvious. The amendment to the criminal law of the People’s Republic of China (nine) provides for the violation of the criminal law and the sentencing standards for the infringement of the personal information of citizens. The point of view, although China has the disclosure of personal information behavior punishment, but on how to define the personal information of citizens, which belongs to the category of serious crime, could not reach standard plot serious circumstances by other means to punish a series of legal gaps are still waiting to be added. Thus, in the fight against violations of personal information of citizens in criminal activities, the application of criminal law can not be smooth enough to display their fists.
Three, credit information security management is not in place to bring the negative impact
The specific consumption remains in the hands of the business activities of personal information for safety management is not in place and often leaks, people prone to such questions: why information leak banned? The reason is that government’s crackdown is not enough, not enough to deter offenders. The credit bureaus credit products for information security management is not in place due to illegal inquiries, people are also prone to such questions: why illegal inquiries banned? The reason is the credit industry management department and not without penalty, or check, check or a mere formality. The credit bureaus credit products for information security management is not in place due to information distortion, people are prone to such a question: why not correct information distortion? The reason is the acquisition and processing of credit institutions management ability. In a word, the credit information security management is not in place the negative impact, the public is worried about the personal information security, information security management capabilities of the relevant government departments lack of confidence.
Four, to further strengthen the credit information security management ideas and suggestions
First, establish a sound system of laws and regulations, strengthen credit information security management system based. On the one hand, on the basis of the law on the protection of consumer rights and interests and Regulations on the administration of credit information industry, the relevant provisions of the personal information security management are further improved from the operational details. For example, access to personal information in the specific consumer businesses in the retention, storage and use of safety management and confidentiality obligations and responsibilities, not punishment responsibility and obligation to make specific and operational requirements, to facilitate supervision departments to carry out supervision and inspection work of supervision department; not regulatory responsibility in the personal information security management supervision asked the responsibility to make provisions, facilitate administrative supervision and discipline inspection and supervision or procuratorial organs to carry out the accountability for regulatory authorities. On the other hand, the development of local public credit information database management regulations at the national level, unified and standardized throughout the public credit information database, use, protection and other aspects of the responsibility, obligation, clear regulatory authorities and responsibilities.
Two is to strengthen the credit system data quality, credit information security management to provide technical support. In the transmission of credit information, the use of high intensity encryption protection measures to promote the use of key tools, unified security and confidentiality technology, standardized anti-virus software, etc.. In the authenticity of the credit information security management, information reporting institutions should improve relevant policies and procedures, clear delay, omission, misstatement and other relevant data quality operation responsibility system, improve and implement information objection handling procedures, to ensure the quality of data submitted by the system specification and implementation. In the prevention and control of adverse information tendency, on the one hand the information subject to develop good care consciousness and habit of credit records, credit reports in a timely manner to master their credit status; on the other hand, the data submitted to the agency must conscientiously fulfill the Credit Management Ordinance on bad information before the reporting obligation to inform, to remind the information subject to prevent the formation of undesirable credit record.
任我花:网络诚信消费无忧,信息安全重中之重
Three is the local government departments to thoroughly understand the policy, according to the law consciously query the use of credit information, providing support for the credit departments of information security management. In June 14, 2014 the State Council issued the social credit system construction plan (2014-2020) in to accelerate the construction of government credit proposed to strengthen the integrity of the civil service management and education, requires the establishment of civil servants credit archives, according to the law of civil servants personal matters will report, the results of the annual appraisal records, and related violations of breach of contract etc. credit information into the file, the integrity of the civil service record as an important basis for the cadre examination, appointment and punishment. Regulations on the administration of credit information industry stipulates that the personal information of a credit investigation institution shall be subject to the written consent of the principal and the use of the information. Except where the law may be made without permission. Credit reporting agencies shall not provide personal information in violation of the provisions of the preceding paragraph. The premise of the civil service integrity management is according to law. According to the local government departments to submit law without consent provisions requires access to personal credit information, the management of the Civil Service Department advised the government to obtain information on the subject to the written authorization of the query. Civil servants at the beginning of the year to sign a one-year authorize the management department to check the personal credit information and information use in the integrity of the civil service management query authorization, the following year to be authorized, convenient management departments to review credit status management object in need timely access to personal credit information. This will not only solve the problem of the management department in the absence of alerted to be the object of the application of the query is not sufficient, but also to solve the problem of inquiry institutions to review the application materials and compliance issues.
Four is to adhere to the principle of appropriate separation of services and supervision, and strive to safeguard the interests of personal information. Based on the collection, query and use of credit information, as well as the protection of the rights of the main body of the information, it is necessary for the credit reporting agencies to make conscious efforts, but also to protect the rights of the information subject. From the application of credit management regulations of the financial credit information database perspective, according to the main body of information query mechanism of improper act or omission of the rights complaint activities, the people’s Bank branch China should adhere to the service and supervision of the appropriate separation principle, the Legal Affairs Office for the designated complaints Department, supervision department of inquiry service guarantee, personal credit report information subject rights complaint activities carried out smoothly, avoid administrative litigation. Never apply local public credit information database of credit management regulations point of view, we should insist on the principle of separation of service and supervision, the establishment of the database and the database operation Department supervision departments are independent of each other, fundamentally do perform their duties according to the operation, in accordance with regulations, regulatory responsibility, rights, effective information security.
Five is to strengthen the criminal law to combat violations of personal information of citizens of the legal basis for criminal acts. According to the People’s Republic of China criminal law amendment (nine) the relevant provisions of the infringement of citizens’ personal information crime, how to define the personal information of citizens, which belongs to the category of serious crime, could not reach standard plot serious circumstances by other means to punish a series of legal gaps, the highest law related the judicial interpretation, through the infringement of citizens’ personal information of illegal crime punishment of the last mile channel.
防人之心不可无,供应链或内部员工,每时每刻都可能将机密外漏给媒体狗仔队、商业分析师、竞争对手等等,而可以打探的渠道太多,没有单一的技术解决方案,所以要加强提升员工和供应商的安全保密意识教育。
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