All provinces, autonomous regions and municipalities directly under the central government (board of Education), the Xinjiang production and Construction Corps Education Bureau, the relevant departments (units) of the education department (bureau), subordinate colleges and universities:
To further implement the Party Central Committee, the State Council leaders a series of important instructions about the spirit of the work of production safety, in accordance with this ministry on safeguard the security and stability of the unified deployment, by strengthening the work safety of teaching laboratories in Colleges and universities, teachers and students to improve safety awareness, enhance student safety protection ability, enhance the overall level of university campus safety culture and talent, now related work requirements are as follows:
First, deepen understanding and enhance the safety awareness of teaching laboratory red line.
Teaching Laboratory of the university is the main position to carry out the experimental teaching in Colleges and universities, is an important place for scientific research support, covering a wide range of subjects, in the number of students, the teaching task of large amount of equipment and materials, many kinds of potential safety hazards and risks of complex. The safety of teaching laboratory in Colleges and universities is directly related to the safety of life and property of the teachers and students.
To strengthen the safety of teaching laboratories in Colleges and universities, we must adhere to the principle of people-oriented, safety first, prevention first, comprehensive management, and effectively enhance the awareness of the red line and the bottom line thinking. Colleges and universities should according to the actual situation and the complexity of the work safety laboratory, always adhere to the national laws and regulations and national mandatory standards for work safety of college teaching laboratory line hundred-percent execution.
Two, strengthen the play, improve the teaching laboratory safety responsibility system.
Colleges and universities are the main body of teaching laboratory safety responsibility. Colleges and universities should be strictly in accordance with the party with responsibility, a pair of responsibility, and make concerted efforts, dereliction of responsibility and secure pipe industry must pipes, pipe business must control security requirements, under the unified leadership of the school, the teaching system of laboratory safety management responsibility to build a school, consisting of two units, the three linkage teaching laboratory the.
Colleges and universities should be based on who use, who is responsible, who is in charge, who is responsible for the principle of hierarchical implementation of the responsibility system. The main person in charge of the party and government is the first responsible person. In charge of the work of the teaching laboratory in the University, the school leaders are responsible for the safety of the teaching laboratory. Other school leaders are responsible for the supervision, inspection, guidance and management of the safety of the teaching laboratory within the scope of their work. School level two party and government responsible person is the main responsibility for the safety of the work of the laboratory teaching laboratory. The safety management institutions and full-time administrators of the school teaching laboratory are responsible for the daily safety management of the school teaching laboratory. The person in charge of the school teaching laboratory is the direct responsibility of the safety work in the laboratory.
Three, refine management, improve the safety operation mechanism of teaching laboratory.
Work safety teaching laboratory in Colleges and universities should adhere to the fine system principle, summarize the experience and lessons of work safety in laboratory teaching, scientific analysis of safety risk factors and behavior of different disciplines and teaching laboratories, different positions, different people, to promote scientific management, standardized management and efficient management, realize the management and control of the whole process of teaching, laboratory safety all elements, the full range of.
According to the basic conditions of the school and the professional characteristics of the teaching laboratory, the university should improve the security mechanism of the whole life cycle of the teaching laboratory. For the newly built teaching laboratory, the safety risk assessment and audit should be regarded as the necessary condition of the construction project. The construction plan should be evaluated according to the relevant laws and regulations. Clear and implement the construction project, planning, design, construction and other aspects of the safety responsibility. Acceptance of the project construction, to carry out safety checks. In order to identify the security risks and countermeasures, we should carry out the safety risk assessment. In the process of experiment teaching, we need to establish the whole process safety monitoring system of procurement, transportation, storage, use and disposal. To establish a regular evaluation system of teaching laboratory safety, timely detection of problems and effectively eliminate hidden dangers. To establish a hidden is accident concept, according to the law to establish the teaching laboratory safety accident investigation, registration, report and rectification system, the implementation of closed management, to ensure the rectification responsibility, funding measures, timelines and plans to implement five. To establish and improve the system for the disposal of hazardous waste disposal record, coordinate the timely disposal of qualified enterprises.
Four, innovative initiatives to promote teaching laboratory safety education.
To carry out the safety propaganda and education of the system is an important foundation to do a good job of teaching laboratory safety. Safety publicity and education to the central leading comrades on safety production series of important instructions as a guide, in accordance with the full, full and comprehensive requirements, specific content involves teaching laboratory safety system study of the relevant laws and regulations regulations and standards, through the case teaching, normative training and regular assessment, continuous to enhance the safety awareness of teachers and students and the security risks of science and cognitive level.
According to the characteristics of teachers and students, colleges and universities should actively innovate the form of safety education. On the basis of traditional classroom teaching and lectures on the active use of traditional media and new media and other propaganda broadcast teaching laboratory safety education content. To rely on the teaching laboratory regularly open day, and actively preach teaching laboratory safety knowledge. To make full use of the effective space of teaching laboratory to create a safe cultural atmosphere.
Security access system of colleges and universities to establish the teaching laboratory, to enter the laboratory teachers and students must conduct safety skills and practice training, without the approval of the relevant safety education and qualified scores are not allowed to enter the laboratory teaching. Colleges and universities should be encouraged to set up credit education courses. The safety publicity and education as the daily safety inspection will check the contents of safety accidents shall check the safety education and training responsibility.
Five, highlight the key, to carry out laboratory safety special inspection.
Colleges and universities should strengthen the Teaching Laboratory of all hazardous chemicals, radiation, biological, mechanical, special equipment and other experimental facilities, equipment and supplies, such as the management of major hazards. Major hazards involved in the procurement, transportation, storage, use and disposal of security risks and other aspects of the focus of the whole process of management and control, the establishment of a major hazard source security risk profile and the corresponding database.
On the Teaching Laboratory of major hazard sources to carry out special colleges and universities should regularly check, check the security system and the implementation of the responsibility system; safety publicity education; distribution of archives and databases; regulate the use and disposal; detection and emergency disposal device; safety hazards and its rectification effect. Encourage qualified colleges and universities, the establishment of a pilot implementation of major hazard classification classification management system.
Six, multi linkage, improve teaching laboratory safety emergency response capacity.
It is an important basic work to strengthen the construction of teaching laboratory safety emergency response ability. The university teaching laboratory safety emergency work involves the plan management, the emergency drill, the command coordination, the distress treatment, the accident rescue, the rectification supervision and so on.
Colleges and universities should co-ordinate the development of teaching laboratory safety emergency plan, according to the changes in experimental projects to strengthen the dynamic revision. To establish the implementation of the teaching laboratory safety emergency plan step by step system, strengthen the top-down emergency departments of the convergence. To improve the teaching laboratory safety emergency organization structure, in accordance with the lean, synthetic, efficient requirements to adjust the functions of the relevant departments to ensure complete functions, personnel in place, well-equipped, timely response. To establish a sound system of emergency drills and regularly carry out emergency drills, laboratory of full-time management personnel at least once every school year safety knowledge and emergency ability training, and constantly improve the awareness of emergency personnel related at all levels, departments and units, and constantly improve the on-site rescue time and disposal of combat capability. To do a good job of emergency personnel, materials and funds to protect the work, improve the teaching laboratory safety emergency facilities and personal protective equipment, to ensure the timely development of emergency prevention, on-site control and other work. Teaching laboratory accidents, according to the relevant provisions of the emergency plan to start, properly carry out emergency response, good information submitted in a timely manner, to ensure the safety of life and property of teachers and students, to prevent the expansion and spread of the situation.
Seven, grasping the common management, strengthening the safety of teaching laboratory basis.
Colleges and universities should put the safety of teaching laboratory work into the overall work of the school safety, safety work and business with the planning, with the deployment, with the implementation of the same inspection. To further strengthen the organization and leadership, will strengthen the safety of teaching laboratory as an important task to fulfill functions of University safety management work, and constantly improve the institutional mechanisms to curb serious accidents as the focus, efforts to eliminate regulatory blind spots. To innovative ways and means of safety supervision, efforts to build a security risk management and classification of risk prevention and control of double prevention mechanisms. To set up the annual report system of safety work in teaching laboratory. To strengthen the safety team building, and constantly improve the quality and ability of personnel. It is necessary to ensure the safety investment in teaching laboratories, to strengthen the protection of safety materials, to ensure the necessary security facilities and equipment. To improve the level of information security laboratory, laboratory safety management information system construction of the unified, timely risk source information data registration, record the whole flow, closed loop, to achieve security information collection, analysis, dissemination, monitoring, tracking and other comprehensive and effective management, the basic realization of work safety teaching laboratory life cycle information management and information sharing, promote the integration of information technology and the depth of work safety.
The competent departments of colleges and universities should attach great importance to the safety of the work of the university teaching laboratory, effectively assume the responsibility for safety, strengthen organizational leadership, improve the rules and regulations, regularly carry out special inspection. The provincial education administrative departments, the relevant departments (units) of the Ministry of Education (bureau) to the Ministry of education submitted to the university teaching laboratory safety work, the Ministry of education directly under the annual report.
General Office of the Ministry of Education
February 16, 2017
Editor: Xu Na
Review of research and Industry: Guo Feipeng
Graduate School of Henan Polytechnic University, research department of Party committee
Graduate new media team
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